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Bryozoa (bryozoan)

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1831Bryozoa Ehrenberg
1861Dingeria Geinitz p. 111
1861Dingeria depressa Geinitz p. 111 figs. Pl 20, figs 18-22
1904Bryozoa Ulrich and Bassler p. 404
1987Bryozoa Boardman and Cheetham p. 506
1998Bryozoa Zrzavy et al.
2002Bryozoa Sepkoski, Jr.
2011Bryozoa Edgecombe et al. p. 153 figs. Fig. 1
2012Bryozoa Nielsen p. 208 figs. Fig. 23.1

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
RankNameAuthor
Spiralia
Polyzoa
phylumBryozoaEhrenberg 1831
phylumBryozoaEhrenberg 1831

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
partNmeanminimummaximummedians.d.
height1110.51.3021.311.15.66

Composition: low Mg calcitep
Locomotion: stationaryp
Attached: yesp
Life habit: epifaunalp
Diet: suspension feederp
Created: 2004-02-28 11:36:37
Modified: 2007-09-18 04:40:36
Source: p = phylum
Reference: Kiessling 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Ibexian to the top of the Holocene or 488.30000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 485.4 Ma

Collections (9051 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Cambrian541.0 - 485.4Mexico (Oaxaca) Pywackia baileyi (133614)
Paleozoic541.0 - 252.17USA (Alaska) Bryozoa indet. (112466 112481)
Ibexian488.3 - 471.8USA (Nevada) Bryozoa indet. (104312)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7USA (Vermont) Heteronema sp. (277)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7Iran Bryozoa indet. (116235 116515)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (Hubei) Batostoma sp., Nekhorosheviella sp., Orbiramus sp. (61727) Yichangopora sp. (61726) Yichangopora sp., Nekhorosheviella sp. (61728)
Tremadocian485.4 - 477.7China (Hubei) Nekhorosheviella nodulifera (99747) Nekhorosheviella semisphaerica, Orbiramus normalis, Orbiramus ovalis, Orbiramus minus (99749) Orbiramus normalis, Orbiramus ovalis (99748) Prophyllodictya prisca (99796)
Tremadocian - Floian485.4 - 470.0Russian Federation (St. Petersburg) Hemiphragma sp., Dittopora clavaeformis, Revalotrypa krestensis, Esthoniopora lessnikowae, Phragmopora lavaensis (191236)
Canadian485.4 - 468.1Canada (Quebec) Nicholsonella acanthobscura (175223 175330)
Ordovician485.4 - 443.4Canada (Yukon and Northwest Terrorities) Bryozoa indet. (317)
Ordovician485.4 - 443.4USA (Tennessee) Escharopora sp. (1959)
Ordovician485.4 - 443.4Russian Federation Hemiphragma sp. (145806)
Ordovician485.4 - 443.4Canada (Nunavut) Bryozoa indet. (109054 109065)
Ordovician485.4 - 443.4USA (New York) Corynotrypa sp., Amplexopora sp., Bythopora sp., Dekayia sp., Eridotrypa sp., Newportopora sp., Prasopora sp., Pachydictya sp., Stictopora sp., Escharopora sp., Phylloporina sp. (332)
Billingen478.6 - 471.8Russian Federation (Ingria) Esthoniopora lessnikowae, Dianulites helenae (191663) Esthoniopora lessnikowae, Hemiphragma priscum (191657) Hemiphragma priscum (191647 191656 191658 191659)
Billingen478.6 - 471.8Russian Federation Revalotrypa eugenae, Esthoniopora lessnikowae, Dianulites helenae, Revalotrypa arborea, Phragmopora lavaense, Hemiphragma priscum (169217 191660 191661)
Blackhillsian478.6 - 471.8USA (Utah) Bryozoa indet. (63846 104117)
Arenigian478.6 - 468.1USA (Maine) Batostomella sp. (115153)
Arenigian478.6 - 468.1Argentina Bryozoa indet. (24313)
Cassinian478.6 - 468.1USA (Missouri) Crepipora globulifera (75553 75554)