Hottentotsrivier Farm (Permian of South Africa)

Also known as Hottentots River, Hottentot's River

Where: Western Cape, South Africa (32.4° S, 22.0° E: paleocoordinates 59.6° S, 34.4° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Tapinocephalus Assemblage other zone, Abrahamskraal Formation (Beaufort Group), Capitanian (265.1 - 259.9 Ma)

• Kitching (1977, "Distribution of the Karroo Vertebrate Fauna") assigns this locality to the lower and middle Tapinocephalus Zone. Kammerer et al. (2015) and Angielczyk et al. (2016) list this locality as Tapinocephalus Zone, and the latter note that "Day (2013) suggested that strata on this farm likely fall in the stratigraphic interval between 2350 and 2450 m above the base of the Abrahamskraal Formation in this part of the Karoo Basin." Radioisotopic data constrains the likely age of the Tapinocephalus Zone to Capitanian (Rubidge et al. 2013).

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: "floodplain"; sandstone and red claystone

• " [...] deposited mainly by overbank flooding of large meandering rivers of variable sinuosity, draining an extensive alluvial plain [...]" (Catuneanu et al., 2005)
• "fining-upward succession of sandstones and purple mudstones containing numerous thin chert bands and rich tetrapod faunas" (Catuneanu et al., 2005, J. Afr. Earth Sci. 43)

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: mold/impression

Collected by D. M. S. Watson; reposited in the BMNH, FMNH

Collection methods: mechanical, peel or thin section,

• AM: Albany Museum

Primary reference: R. Broom. 1913. On four new fossil reptiles from the Beaufort Series, South Africa. Records of the Albany Museum 2:397-401 [R. Butler/R. Butler]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 13004: authorized by Chris Sidor, entered by Chris Sidor on 15.01.2002, edited by Richard Butler, Torsten Liebrecht and Bethany Allen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Procolophonia -
"Brachypareia watsoni" = Nochelesaurus alexanderi2 Haughton and Boonstra 1929 parareptile
"lower jaw"
Pareiasaurus acutirostris n. sp.2 Broom 1913 parareptile
Bradysaurus baini4 Seeley 1892 parareptile
SAM 3533 (not mentioned by Lee, 1997)
 Parareptilia - Millerettidae
Broomia perplexa n. gen. n. sp.3
Broomia perplexa n. gen. n. sp.3 Watson 1914 parareptile
BMNH R4065 (type)
 Gorgodontia -
Gorgonopsia indet.5, "Scylacognathus parvus n. gen. n. sp." = Eriphostoma microdon, Broomisaurus planiceps n. gen. n. sp.
Gorgonopsia indet.5 Seeley 1894 reptile
FMNH PR 1188, partial skull, previously identified as 'therocephalian B'
"Scylacognathus parvus n. gen. n. sp." = Eriphostoma microdon Broom 1911 reptile
AM 3751 (holotype)
Broomisaurus planiceps n. gen. n. sp. Broom 1913 reptile
AM 3752 (holotype)
 Gorgodontia - Tapinocephalidae
Moschops romeri n. sp.2 Bryne 1937 reptile
 Therapsida -
Brachyprosopus broomi n. gen. n. sp.1
Brachyprosopus broomi n. gen. n. sp.1 Olson 1937 dicynodont
FMNH UC 1561, nearly complete but badly deformed skull (holotype). FMNH UC 1705, a mostly complete but crudely prepared articulated skull and mandible; FMNH PR 1770, serial sections and wax endocast models of the brain and bony labyrinth (‘Anomodont A’ of Olson, 1937); FMNH UR 2490, a mostly complete skull; FMNH UR 2513, an articulated skull and mandible missing the skull roof and the anterior end of the snout.