Glencartholm (Carboniferous of the United Kingdom)

Where: Scotland, United Kingdom (55.0° N, 2.0° W: paleocoordinates 5.1° S, 0.9° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Glencartholm Volcanic Formation (Upper Border Group), Visean (346.7 - 330.9 Ma)

• Neuropteris antecdens Zone. Foraminifera from the sequence suggest a position near the Holkerian-Asbian boundary (George et al. 1976)

Environment/lithology: marginal marine; tuff and shale

• The plant fossils occur in the Glencartholm Volcanic Group, a sequence of tuffs, shales, and sandstones near the base of the Upper Border Group (Lumsden et al. 1967). They are interpreted as shallow marine or lagoonal deposits.

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: C. J. Cleal and B. A. Thomas. 1995. Palaeozoic Palaeobotany of Great Britain. Geological Conservation Review Series, Chapman & Hall: London. 9 [P. Gensel/M. Kotyk]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 34471: authorized by Hallie Sims, entered by Alistair McGowan on 02.09.2003, edited by Jason Cassara and Roger Benson

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Archaeocalamites radiatus Brongniart 1875
 Lepidodendrales - Lepidodendraceae
Stigmaria ficoides
Stigmaria ficoides Sternberg 1822
 Coniferales -
Lepidostrobus ornatus Brongniart 1828
 Lycopodiales - Lycopodiaceae
Eskdalia minuta
Eskdalia minuta Kidston 1903
 Equisetales - Equisetidae
Carpolithes sp. Schlotheim 1820
  - Sphenopteridae
 Scorpiones - Eoscorpiidae
Eskiscorpio parvus n. gen. n. sp.
Eskiscorpio parvus n. gen. n. sp. Kjellesvig-Waering 1986 scorpion
GSE 2139
 Scorpiones - Gigantoscorpionidae
Gigantoscorpio willsi n. gen. n. sp.
Gigantoscorpio willsi n. gen. n. sp. Stormer 1963 scorpion
BMNH In. 42706a, 43706b, 42707 (holotype and only specimen, a single, partially preserved large scorpion)
 Scorpiones - Centromachidae
Centromachus euglyptus n. gen. n. sp. Peach 1883 scorpion
GSE 2142, type and only specimen; first reported by Peach 1881
Acanthracochaerilus palustris n. gen. n. sp. Kjellesvig-Waering 1986 scorpion
BMNH In. 39764 (holotype and onyl known specimen: juvenile scorpion) first reported by Kjellesvig-Waering 1986)