Subfamily Bovinae Gray 1821 (antelope)

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Bovidae

Alternative spelling: Bovina

Parent taxon: Bovidae according to A. Hassanin and E. J. P. Douzery 2003

See also Agnarsson and May-Collado 2008, Bonaparte 1850, Cregut-Bonnoure and Tsoukala 2017, Croft et al. 2006, Gentry 2010, Gray 1825, Grubb 2001, Hassanin and Douzery 1999, Kurten and Anderson 1980 and Leslie 2008

Sister taxa: Antilopina, Antilopinae, Antilospira, Bibos, Brabovus, Bucapra, Cambayella, Camelopardalina, Capra depressa, Capra reversa, Caprina, Caprinae, Criotherium, Deperetia, Dorcadoryx, Dorcadoxa, Eosyncerus, Euceratherium, Gallogoral, Gazellospira, Gentrytragus, Gobiocerus, Hanhaicerus, Helicoportax, Helicotragus, Hemibos, Hemistrepsiceros, Hesperidoceras, Hesperoceras, Hezhengia, Hippotraginae, Hypsodontinae, Kabulicornis, Kobikeryx, Kubanotragus, Leptobos, Leptotragus, Liops, Lyrocerus, Megalovis, Mesembriacerus, Mesembriportax, Microtragus, Moschiola, Namacerus, Neotragocerus, Nisidorcas, Oiocerini, Olonbulukia, Orasius, Oreonager, Orygotherium, Pachygazella, Pachyportax, Pachytragus, Palaeoreas, Palaeoryx, Paraprotoryx, Paratragocerus, Parurmiatherium, Peleinae, Perimia, Platybos, Pliotragus, Proamphibos, Procamptoceras, Procobus, Prodamaliscus, Proleptobos, Prosinotragus, Prostrepsiceros, Protragelaphus, Protragocerus, Pseudobos, Pseudoeotragus, Pseudotragus, Pultiphagonides, Qurliqnoria, Rhynchotragus, Rhynotragus, Ruticeros, Samokeros, Selenoportax, Shensispira, Sinoreas, Sinoryx, Sinotragus, Sivacapra, Sivaceros, Sivaportax, Sivatragus, Sivoryx, Spirocerus, Sporadotragus, Strepsiportax, Strogulognathus, Tchaltacerus, Tethytragus, Toribos, Torticornis, Tossunnoria, Tragelaphinae, Tragocerus, Tragoportax, Tragoreas, Tragospira, Tsaidamotherium, Turritragus, Urmiatheriinae, Wellsiana

Subtaxa: Boselaphini Bovini Catoblepas Duboisea Platycerabos Pseudonovibos Simatherium Tragelaphini

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Type: Bos

Ecology: ground dwelling grazer-browser

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Algeria (2 collections), Argentina (3), Austria (1), Belgium (2), Canada (19: Alberta, British Columbia, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Saskatchewan, Yukon), China (17), the Congo-Kinshasa (16), the Czech Republic (1), Djibouti (1), Egypt (40), El Salvador (1), Eritrea (2), Ethiopia (92), France (17), Georgia (2), Germany (17), Greece (8), Hungary (1), India (2), Indonesia (8), Israel (7), Italy (30), Japan (4), Kazakhstan (2), Kenya (84), Kyrgyzstan (1), Libya (1), Madagascar (2), Mexico (13), Mongolia (1), Morocco (8), Namibia (1), the Netherlands (5), Nicaragua (1), Niger (2), Peru (1), the Philippines (3), Romania (7), the Russian Federation (9), Rwanda (1), Saudi Arabia (2), Slovakia (1), South Africa (52), Spain (15), Sudan (8), Swaziland (3), Syria (2), Taiwan (1), Tajikistan (1), Tanzania (35), Turkey (2), Turkmenistan (2), the United Kingdom (12), United States (142: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Kansas, Maine, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, Wyoming), Uzbekistan (1), Vietnam (2), Zambia (4)

• Blancan of United States (1: Florida)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of the Congo-Kinshasa (4), Ethiopia (7), Kenya (35), Malawi (3), Nepal (1), South Africa (5), Spain (1)

• Pliocene of Chad (3), Ethiopia (20), Greece (2), Hungary (1), India (3), Indonesia (1), Italy (1), Kenya (24), Malawi (2), Mexico (1), Moldova (1), Morocco (1), Romania (4), the Russian Federation (1), South Africa (9), Spain (1), Tanzania (21), Uganda (2)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Chad (1), Ethiopia (4), Kenya (6), South Africa (2), Tanzania (1), Uganda (6)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of Ethiopia (1), Kenya (3), the Netherlands (1)

• Miocene of Afghanistan (1), Austria (2), Chad (1), China (1), France (8), Georgia (1), Germany (2), Greece (5), Hungary (1), Iraq (1), Kenya (14), Moldova (1), Mongolia (1), Nepal (1), Pakistan (5), Serbia and Montenegro (2), Slovakia (2), South Africa (1), Spain (11), Switzerland (1), Thailand (1), Tunisia (2), Turkey (2), the United Arab Emirates (1)

Total: 968 collections including 1453 occurrences

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