Littorina Ferussac 1821 (periwinkle)

Gastropoda - Sorbeoconcha - Littorinidae

Alternative spellings: Litorina, Turbo (Littorina)

Parent taxon: Littorinidae according to J. A. Todd 2001

See also Clark and Arnold 1923, Cooper 1888, Gardner 1948, Holmes 1859, Kensley 1972, Kittl 1892, Ladd 1972, Marquet 1997, Martin 1904, Olsson 1967, Sepkoski 2002, Ward and Blackwelder 1987, Weisbord 1962 and Wilson 1993

Sister taxa: Cenchritis, Dissochilus, Echinininae, Echinolittorina, Eulimene, Gouetina, Lacuninae, Laevilitorina, Laevilitorininae, Littoraria, Littorininae, Melarhaphe, Mirolacuna, Neritrema, Nodilittorina, Peasiella, Praelittorina, Procancellaria, Risella, Risellopsis, Rissellinae, Tectariinae, Tectarius, Heterospira, Hallstadtia

Subtaxa: Littorina (Littorina) Littorina (Melaraphe) Littorina alta Littorina aspera Littorina coccinea Littorina kneri Littorina mariana Littorina neritoides Littorina obtusata Littorina pittsburgensis Littorina remondii Littorina saxatilis Littorina scabra Littorina schuttei Littorina sheaferi Littorina sookensis Littorina subobesa Littorina tuberculostriata Littorina undulata Littorina unifasciata

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Ecology: epifaunal grazer

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (2 collections), Belgium (1), Bermuda (1), Canada (9: British Columbia, Newfoundland, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nunavut, Quebec), Cuba (1), France (1), Greenland (5), Iceland (3), Ireland (1), Italy (1), Japan (1), Mexico (11), Morocco (5), the Netherlands (2), Norway (1), Portugal (14), the Seychelles (1), South Africa (6), Spain (7), the United Kingdom (11), United States (44: Alaska, California, North Carolina)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Malaysia (1), South Africa (2), United States (4: California, Oregon)

• Pliocene of Belgium (2), Japan (3), Papua New Guinea (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (5: California, Florida), Vanuatu (1), Venezuela (1)

• Miocene of Algeria (2), Argentina (2), Brazil (1), Chile (1), Poland (1), South Africa (1), United States (1: Delaware)

• Oligocene of France (1), United States (1: California)

• Eocene of France (1), the United Kingdom (3), United States (5: Texas, Washington)

• Paleocene of Belgium (1), Mexico (1), Poland (2), United States (1: Texas)

• Cretaceous of the United Kingdom (1), United States (1: Tennessee)

• Jurassic of France (5), Poland (1), the United Kingdom (12)

• Triassic of Germany (1)

Total: 195 collections including 220 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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