Littoraria Griffith and Pigeon 1834 (periwinkle)

Gastropoda - Littorinoidea - Littorinidae

Parent taxon: Littorinidae according to J. A. Todd 2001

See also Sepkoski 2002 and Wilson 1993

Sister taxa: Cenchritis, Dissochilus, Echinininae, Echinolittorina, Eulimene, Gouetina, Lacuninae, Laevilitorina, Laevilitorininae, Littorina, Littorininae, Melarhaphe, Mirolacuna, Neritrema, Nodilittorina, Peasiella, Praelittorina, Procancellaria, Risella, Risellopsis, Rissellinae, Tectariinae, Tectarius, Hallstadtia, Heterospira

Subtaxa: Littoraria (Littorinopsis) Littoraria (Palustorina) Littoraria (Palustorina) articulata Littoraria (Styloplocus) Littoraria angulifera Littoraria coccinea Littoraria filosa Littoraria flava Littoraria irrorata Littoraria nebulosa Littoraria scabra Littoraria undulata

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Ecology: epifaunal grazer

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Bermuda (1 collection), Cuba (1), French Polynesia (1), Jamaica (1), Panama (1), United States (31: Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Louisiana, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia), Uruguay (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of United States (2: Florida)

• Pliocene of United States (2: Florida, North Carolina)

• Miocene of Argentina (1), France (1), Japan (1), Panama (1)

• Eocene of France (5)

• Paleocene of Denmark (1), Greenland (1)

Total: 52 collections including 53 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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