Conus Linnaeus 1758 (cone shell)

Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Conidae

Synonyms: Cucullus Röding 1798, Gradiconus da Motta 1991, Jaspidiconus Petuch 2004, Leptoconus (Gradiconus) da Motta 1991, Spuriconus Petuch 2004

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824

Parent taxon: Conidae according to N. Puillandre et al. 2015

See also Abbass 1967, Beu 2005, Harzhauser 2004, Harzhauser 2007, Harzhauser et al. 2009, Harzhauser and Mandic 2001, Hendricks 2008, Hendricks and Portell 2008, Hendy 2007, Hendy et al. 2008, Hoerle 1976, Jung 1971, Ladd 1982, Landau and Marques da Silva 2010, MacNeil 1960, Marasti 1973, Martin 1904, Mukerjee 1939, Olsson 1964, Olsson 1967, Olsson and Harbison 1953, Palmer 1937, Perrilliat 1987, Perrilliat 1992, Petuch 1997, Petuch 2004, Sepkoski 2002, Todd 2001, Vera-Peláez et al. 2004, Vredenburg 1921, Ward 1992, Ward and Blackwelder 1987, Wienrich and Janssen 2007, Wilson 1994, Woodring 1928 and Woodring 1970

Sister taxa: Californiconus, Cariboconus, Conasprella, Conasprelloides, Coninae, Conorbinae, Cryptoconus, Dauciconus, Eugeniconus, Hortia, Kenyonia, Lamniconus, Moniliopsis, Oenopotinae, Parviconus, Perplexiconus, Plagioconus, Profundiconus, Pseudotominae, Puncticuliinae, Purpuriconus, Pyruconus, Raphitominae, Seminoleconus, Siphopsinae

Subtaxa: Conus (Asprella) Conus (Atlanticonus) Conus (Chelyoconus) Conus (Cleobula) Conus (Conolithes) Conus (Contraconus) Conus (Conus) Conus (Dauciconus) Conus (Dendroconus) Conus (Ductoconus) Conus (Hemiconus) Conus (Lautoconus) Conus (Leptoconus) Conus (Lithoconus) Conus (Magelliconus) Conus (Spuriconus) Conus (Stephanoconus) Conus (Virgiconus) Conus (Ximeniconus) Conus achatinus Conus acolus Conus acrotholoides Conus acutangulus Conus aemulator Conus affinis Conus agassizii Conus alaquaensis Conus alleni Conus almagrensis Conus ambonos Conus ammiralis Conus anabathrum Conus ancylus Conus aneuretos Conus angosturis Conus anningae Conus aquoreus Conus arcuatus Conus arenatus Conus aulicus Conus berryi Conus bhagothorensis Conus bocapanensis Conus boggsi Conus bonaczyi Conus bramkampi Conus bravoi Conus burckhardti Conus cacuminatus Conus caleocius Conus canonicus Conus capitanellus Conus carcarensis Conus catenatus Conus catus Conus cedonulli Conus chaldaeus Conus chipolanus Conus clarki Conus coelinae Conus colombiensis Conus complicatus Conus conica Conus consobrinus Conus cookei Conus corrugatus Conus costatus Conus crenospiratus Conus cuspidatus Conus daucus Conus delessertii Conus deluvianus Conus demiurgus Conus deperditus Conus dingleanus Conus distans Conus diversiformis Conus dodona Conus draperi Conus drezi Conus dujardini Conus durhami Conus duvali Conus ebraeus Conus eburneus Conus emersoni Conus ermineus Conus erugatus Conus evergladesensis Conus fergusoni Conus flavidus Conus furvoides Conus fusiformis Conus gabbi Conus gardnerae Conus generalis Conus gracilissimus Conus granarius Conus granozonatoides Conus granozonatus Conus grateloupi Conus guppyi Conus harveyensis Conus herklotsi Conus hertwecki Conus heterospira Conus honkeri Conus hyshugari Conus imitator Conus imperialis Conus infulatus Conus interstinctus Conus isomatratus Conus jaclynae Conus jaspideus Conus javanus Conus junghuhni Conus karlschmidti Conus largillierti Conus larvatus Conus laurenae Conus leonensis Conus ligatus Conus limonensis Conus lisboae Conus lividus Conus longisperatus Conus lyelli Conus magus Conus marmoreus Conus marylandicus Conus marymansfeldae Conus maureenae Conus mediterraneus Conus miles Conus mindanus Conus molis Conus musaensis Conus musicus Conus mustelinus Conus nannus Conus nemorideditus Conus nussatella Conus oniscus Conus ornatus Conus palmerae Conus parkeri Conus parvulus Conus patricius Conus paulae Conus pauperculus Conus pernodosus Conus pertusus Conus peruvianus Conus planiceps Conus planorbis Conus postalveatus Conus praecipuus Conus ptychodermis Conus puncticulatus Conus pusillus Conus pyriformis Conus quercinus Conus rachelae Conus rapunculus Conus rattus Conus regularis Conus sarasotaensis Conus sauridens Conus scalaris Conus sextoni Conus smithvillensis Conus spenceri Conus spurius Conus spuroides Conus stibarus Conus striatellus Conus striatus Conus stromboides Conus submoniliferus Conus sugillatus Conus sulculus Conus susanae Conus talis Conus tapetus Conus taphrus Conus tessulatus Conus tjidamarensis Conus tortuosopunctatus Conus trajectionis Conus tricoratus Conus trinitatensis Conus tristensis Conus tuberacola Conus tulipa Conus turbinopsis Conus turritus Conus ultimus Conus vaderensis Conus vanattai Conus vanhyningi Conus vaughani Conus veatchi Conus vegrandis Conus venezuelanus Conus vexillum Conus violetae Conus virgo Conus vitius Conus waltonensis Conus warreni Conus washingtonensis Conus williamgabbi Conus wilsoni Conus ximenes Conus yaquensis

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Type: Conus marmoreus

Ecology: epifaunal carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Angola (2 collections), Australia (6), the Bahamas (3), Bermuda (1), Cape Verde (2), Costa Rica (5), Cuba (3), Djibouti (8), Ecuador (4), Egypt (4), Eritrea (3), Fiji (1), French Polynesia (1), Haiti (1), India (1), Indonesia (1), Italy (2), Jamaica (2), Japan (14), Kenya (5), Mexico (14), Morocco (4), Mozambique (1), Namibia (2), New Zealand (1), Pakistan (2), Panama (3), Papua New Guinea (2), Peru (1), the Philippines (1), Portugal (5), Saudi Arabia (3), the Seychelles (3), South Africa (5), Spain (16), Sudan (1), Taiwan (2), Tokelau (1), Tonga (5), United States (58: Florida, Hawaii, North Carolina, South Carolina), Vanuatu (5), Venezuela (4), Yemen (4)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Malaysia (8), United States (3: Florida)

• Pliocene of Australia (1), Colombia (8), Costa Rica (28), the Dominican Republic (15), Ecuador (12), Fiji (5), Greece (2), India (1), Indonesia (7), Iran (1), Italy (2), Jamaica (6), Japan (7), Mexico (12), Pakistan (3), Panama (23), Papua New Guinea (1), Peru (1), the Philippines (4), South Africa (7), Trinidad and Tobago (2), United States (28: California, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia), Vanuatu (1), Venezuela (16)

• Miocene to Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (11), Indonesia (1), Japan (1), South Africa (1)

• Miocene of Algeria (15), Argentina (2), Australia (10), Austria (10), Belgium (3), Bosnia and Herzegovina (1), Brazil (8), Chile (1), Colombia (64), Costa Rica (1), Cyprus (1), Denmark (1), the Dominican Republic (21), Ecuador (15), Egypt (2), Fiji (3), France (2), Germany (35), Greece (2), Grenada (24), Guam (1), Haiti (2), Hungary (1), India (13), Indonesia (30), Iran (2), Italy (14), Japan (13), Libya (2), Malta (1), the Marshall Islands (1), Mexico (7), Moldova (6), Morocco (4), Myanmar (5), the Netherlands (2), New Zealand (7), Northern Mariana Islands (1), Oman (1), Pakistan (13), Palau (1), Panama (100), Papua New Guinea (2), Peru (9), the Philippines (1), Poland (4), Romania (6), Saudi Arabia (1), Slovakia (8), Somalia (10), South Africa (2), Spain (2), Sri Lanka (6), Trinidad and Tobago (6), Turkey (6), United States (88: California, Florida, Maryland, North Carolina, Virginia), Vanuatu (1), Venezuela (9)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Australia (1), Haiti (1), United States (11: California, Florida)

• Oligocene of Austria (1), Bulgaria (1), Costa Rica (1), Denmark (2), France (6), Germany (1), Greece (4), Haiti (1), Hungary (2), India (1), Iran (1), Italy (1), Jamaica (2), Mexico (3), Myanmar (3), New Zealand (1), Oman (1), Pakistan (2), Panama (5), Peru (1), Somalia (1), Turkey (1), United States (46: California, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina)

• Eocene to Oligocene of Haiti (1), United States (10: Oregon)

• Eocene of Australia (1), Bulgaria (4), Colombia (2), Egypt (1), France (7), India (3), Indonesia (2), Italy (2), Jamaica (3), Mexico (5), the Netherlands Antilles (2), New Zealand (2), Nigeria (10), Pakistan (10), Panama (1), Peru (4), Romania (4), the Russian Federation (1), Saudi Arabia (1), Somalia (1), Tonga (1), the United Kingdom (3), United States (113: Alabama, Arkansas, California, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Washington)

• Paleocene of Mexico (1), Pakistan (1), United States (1: California)

• Cretaceous of Madagascar (1), New Zealand (1)

Total: 1339 collections including 2628 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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