†subfamily Spiriferinae King 1846 (lamp shell)

Rhynchonellata - Spiriferida - Spiriferidae

Full reference: W. King. 1846. Remarks on certain genera belonging to the class Palliobranchiata. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 1 183:26-42

Parent taxon: Spiriferidae according to A. Williams et al. 2006

See also Campbell and Engel 1963

Sister taxa: Allanaria, Brachythyrinae, Delthyrinae, Ovispirifer, Prospirinae, Purdonellinae, Sergospiriferinae

Subtaxa: Ectochoristites Larispirifer Latispirifer Mesochorispira Spirifer Warsawia

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Type: Spirifer

Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Triassic of Italy (1 collection)

• Permian of Australia (19), Austria (1), Canada (12: Nunavut, Yukon), China (15), India (3), Indonesia (2), Iran (2), Italy (4), Japan (1), Pakistan (13), the Russian Federation (4), Slovenia (1), Tajikistan (1), United States (5: Alaska, Texas)

• Desmoinesian of United States (24: Kansas, Missouri, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania)

• Atokan of United States (1: Missouri)

• Pennsylvanian of Canada (1: Nunavut), China (1), United States (4: Alaska, California)

• Namurian of Australia (4)

• Chesterian of Canada (4: Alberta), United States (10: Arkansas, Montana, Virginia)

• Osagean of Canada (2: Alberta, Northwest Territories), United States (21: Indiana, Montana, New Mexico, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia)

• Carboniferous to Permian of Bolivia (1)

• Carboniferous of Afghanistan (4), Australia (36), Brazil (1), Canada (71: Alberta, British Columbia, Northwest Territories, Yukon), China (8), Egypt (2), India (1), Ireland (4), Mexico (1), Morocco (1), Peru (4), the Russian Federation (2), the United Kingdom (44), United States (169: Alaska, Arizona, California, Georgia, Idaho, Idaho-Utah, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah, Virginia)

• Mississippian of United States (28: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Utah)

• Couvinien of Australia (1)

• Devonian of Afghanistan (2), Algeria (2), Brazil (2), Canada (6: New Brunswick, Nunavut, Ontario, Quebec), China (2), Colombia (2), France (2), Germany (4), Italy (2), Morocco (2), New Zealand (1), Peru (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (155: Alaska, Colorado, Indiana, Iowa, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virginia), Vietnam (1)

• Silurian to Devonian of Algeria (2), Morocco (1)

• Silurian of Australia (1), Morocco (4), Sweden (4), United States (41: Alaska, Maryland, New York, West Virginia)

• Niagaran of United States (1: Ohio)

• Ordovician of Canada (1: Nunavut)

Total: 774 collections including 1008 occurrences

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