†family Spiriferidae King 1846 (lamp shell)

Rhynchonellata - Spiriferida - Spiriferidae

Full reference: W. King. 1846. Remarks on certain genera belonging to the class Palliobranchiata. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 1 183:26-42

Parent taxon: Spiriferoidea according to A. Williams et al. 2006

See also Brunton and Champion 1974, Huxley 1869, Shen et al. 2003 and Waterhouse 2004

Sister taxa: Aulidospiridae, Choristitidae, Imbrexiidae, Reticulariacea, Spiriferellidae, Trigonotretidae

Subtaxa: Allanaria Brachythyrinae Delthyrinae Gypospiriferinae Prospirinae Purdonellinae Sergospiriferinae Spiriferinae

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Type: Spirifer

Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Triassic of Italy (1 collection), Kazakhstan (2), New Zealand (2)

• Wolfcamp of Canada (3: Yukon)

• Permian of Afghanistan (2), Australia (21), Austria (1), Canada (26: British Columbia, Nunavut, Yukon), China (27), Greenland (2), India (3), Indonesia (5), Iran (2), Italy (4), Japan (3), Malaysia (1), Pakistan (35), the Russian Federation (14), Slovenia (1), Svalbard and Jan Mayen (1), Tajikistan (1), United States (36: Alaska, New Mexico, Texas)

• Desmoinesian of United States (45: Kansas, Missouri, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Utah)

• Atokan of United States (6: Arizona, Missouri, Nevada, Wyoming)

• Pennsylvanian of Canada (1: Nunavut), China (1), United States (5: Alaska, California, Utah)

• Namurian of Afghanistan (1), Australia (4)

• Chesterian of Canada (8: Alberta), United States (74: Alabama, Arkansas, Idaho, Indiana, Kentucky, Montana, Oklahoma, Virginia, Wyoming)

• Osagean of Canada (2: Alberta, Northwest Territories), United States (23: Indiana, Montana, New Mexico, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia)

• Carboniferous to Permian of Bolivia (1)

• Carboniferous of Afghanistan (6), Australia (78), Belgium (1), Bosnia and Herzegovina (1), Brazil (2), Canada (107: Alberta, British Columbia, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Yukon), China (17), Egypt (3), Germany (3), India (2), Ireland (4), Italy (1), Libya (5), Malaysia (3), Mexico (1), Morocco (1), Pakistan (1), Peru (4), the Russian Federation (4), Spain (1), the United Kingdom (55), United States (345: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Georgia, Idaho, Idaho-Utah, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, New mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Wyoming)

• Mississippian of Canada (2: Northwest Territories), United States (29: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Utah)

• Couvinien of Australia (1)

• Devonian to Carboniferous of France (1)

• Devonian of Afghanistan (7), Algeria (2), Australia (5), Brazil (2), Canada (11: Alberta, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nunavut, Ontario, Quebec), China (3), Colombia (2), the Czech Republic (4), France (3), Germany (13), Iran (3), Italy (2), Morocco (2), New Zealand (1), Peru (1), Poland (6), the Russian Federation (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (157: Alaska, Colorado, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, Montana, Montana, and Wyoming, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virginia), Vietnam (1)

• Silurian to Devonian of Algeria (2), Morocco (1)

• Silurian of Australia (1), Canada (1: Nunavut), Lithuania (3), Morocco (4), Sweden (4), United States (41: Alaska, Maryland, New York, West Virginia)

• Niagaran of United States (1: Ohio)

• Ordovician of Canada (1: Nunavut)

Total: 1328 collections including 1776 occurrences

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