Spirifer Sowerby 1818 (lamp shell)

Rhynchonellata - Spiriferida - Spiriferidae

Alternative spelling: Delthyris (Spirifer)

Full reference: J. Sowerby. 1818. No. XXX in the mineral conchology of Great Britain; or colored figures and descriptions of those remains of testaceous animals or shells, which have been preserved at various times and depths in the Earth. The mineral conchology of Great Britain 3:1-194

Parent taxon: Spiriferinae according to A. Williams et al. 2006

See also Campbell and Engel 1963, Pearson 1977 and Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Ectochoristites, Larispirifer, Latispirifer, Mesochorispira, Warsawia

Subtaxa: Spirifer (Spirisosium) Spirifer acutiplicatus Spirifer albertensis Spirifer bambadhurensis Spirifer baschkirica Spirifer battu Spirifer battus Spirifer bistritzae Spirifer bisulcatus Spirifer brandis Spirifer byrangi Spirifer cascadensis Spirifer centronatus Spirifer chappelensis Spirifer concentricus Spirifer crebristria Spirifer dichotomus Spirifer distefanii Spirifer duodecimcostata Spirifer dvinaensis Spirifer enderlei Spirifer engelgardthi Spirifer fayettevillensis Spirifer gregeri Spirifer holodnensis Spirifer incertus Spirifer insignis Spirifer jilinensis Spirifer liangchowensis Spirifer lirellus Spirifer macrus Spirifer malistanensis Spirifer munsteri Spirifer octoplicatus Spirifer opimus Spirifer pentagonoides Spirifer pentlandi Spirifer piassinaensis Spirifer postventricosus Spirifer pseudotasmaniensis Spirifer rakuszi Spirifer rariplectus Spirifer rockymontanus Spirifer schellwieni Spirifer siculus Spirifer spitiensis Spirifer spurius Spirifer subgrandiformis Spirifer subtrigonalis Spirifer supracarbonicus Spirifer supramosquensis Spirifer tareiaensis Spirifer undata Spirifer uralicus

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Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Triassic of Italy (1 collection)

• Permian of Australia (4), Austria (1), Canada (1: Nunavut), China (7), India (3), Indonesia (2), Italy (4), Japan (1), Pakistan (13), the Russian Federation (4), Slovenia (1), United States (5: Alaska, Texas)

• Desmoinesian of United States (24: Kansas, Missouri, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania)

• Atokan of United States (1: Missouri)

• Pennsylvanian of Canada (1: Nunavut), United States (4: Alaska, California)

• Namurian of Australia (4)

• Chesterian of Canada (4: Alberta), United States (10: Arkansas, Montana, Virginia)

• Osagean of Canada (2: Alberta, Northwest Territories), United States (17: Indiana, Montana, New Mexico, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia)

• Carboniferous to Permian of Bolivia (1)

• Carboniferous of Afghanistan (4), Australia (34), Brazil (1), Canada (71: Alberta, British Columbia, Northwest Territories, Yukon), China (4), Egypt (2), India (1), Ireland (4), Mexico (1), Morocco (1), Peru (4), the Russian Federation (2), the United Kingdom (44), United States (164: Alaska, Arizona, California, Idaho, Idaho-Utah, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah, Virginia)

• Mississippian of United States (28: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Utah)

• Couvinien of Australia (1)

• Devonian of Afghanistan (2), Algeria (2), Brazil (2), Canada (6: New Brunswick, Nunavut, Ontario, Quebec), China (2), Colombia (2), France (2), Germany (4), Italy (2), Morocco (2), New Zealand (1), Peru (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (155: Alaska, Colorado, Indiana, Iowa, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virginia), Vietnam (1)

• Silurian to Devonian of Algeria (2), Morocco (1)

• Silurian of Australia (1), Morocco (4), Sweden (4), United States (41: Alaska, Maryland, New York, West Virginia)

• Niagaran of United States (1: Ohio)

• Ordovician of Canada (1: Nunavut)

Total: 721 collections including 946 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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