Siphonalia Adams 1863 (true whelk)

Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Buccinidae

Parent taxon: Buccinidae according to D. Frassinetti and V. Covacevich 1999

See also Givens and Kennedy 1976, Ladd 1977, MacNeil 1960, Martin 1904, Mukerjee 1939, Olsson 1931, Oostingh 1935, Packard 1922, Powell 1929, Rivera 1957, Sepkoski 2002 and Turner 1938

Sister taxa: Accidenticulabrum, Aeneator, Agasoma, Aliofusus, Amarophos, Ancistrolepis, Antillophos, Aplus, Austrocominella, Austrofusus, Babylonia, Bailya, Beringiinae, Bolis, Brachysphingus, Buccininae, Buccinopsis, Buccinulum, Buccinum, Burnupena, Caducifer, Calicantharus, Cantharus, Chrysodomus, Clinopegma, Colinae, Colubraria, Colus, Cominella, Cymatophos, Cyrtochetus, Dipsaccus, Donovaniinae, Editharus, Egotistica, Engina, Enzinopsis, Eobuccinella, Euthrenopsis, Euthria, Gemophos, Hanetia, Hindsia, Iredalula, Janiopsis, Kaiparanura, Kelletia, Khetella, Lacinia, Laevibuccinum, Latrunculus, Loochooia, Metaphos, Metula, Monoptygma, Monostiolum, Nassa, Nassicola, Nawenia, Neosconsia, Nicema, Northia, Odontobasis, Pangoa, Paracominia, Pareuthria, Parvisipho, Pegocomptus, Penion, Perunassa, Phos, Pisania, Pisaniinae, Pomahakia, Proneptunea, Prosipho, Pseudofulgur, Pseudolivinae, Pseudoneptunea, Ptychosalpinx, Savatieria, Scalaspira, Searlesia, Siphonalinae, Siphonofusus, Stantonella, Suessionia, Suessonia, Terebrifusus, Trominina, Truncaria, Varicosipho, Volutopsiinae, Wrigleya, Zelandiella

Subtaxa: Siphonalia acuta Siphonalia andersoni Siphonalia ariejansseni Siphonalia belenensis Siphonalia bicarinata Siphonalia calvertana Siphonalia cassidariaeformis Siphonalia clarki Siphonalia cotteri Siphonalia danvillensis Siphonalia devexus Siphonalia gilberti Siphonalia ishikariana Siphonalia johnsoni Siphonalia longirostris Siphonalia nipponica Siphonalia nuntia Siphonalia paradoxica Siphonalia phosoidea Siphonalia roblini Siphonalia shojii Siphonalia signa Siphonalia spatiosa Siphonalia sutterensis Siphonalia tessaria Siphonalia trilica Siphonalia vistaensis

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Type: Siphonalia dubius

Ecology: epifaunal carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Japan (4 collections)

• Blancan of United States (1: California)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Malaysia (1)

• Pliocene of Costa Rica (1), Fiji (1), Indonesia (5), Japan (6), United States (1: California)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Japan (2)

• Miocene of Argentina (3), Brazil (2), Chile (4), India (1), Japan (13), Peru (3), United States (7: Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Argentina (1)

• Oligocene of Ecuador (3), Japan (6), Myanmar (1), Peru (1), United States (7: Alaska, California)

• Eocene of France (1), Indonesia (2), Italy (1), Japan (3), Peru (2), the Russian Federation (2), the United Kingdom (5), United States (64: Alabama, California, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Jersey, Texas, Washington), Venezuela (1)

• Paleocene of Denmark (5), Greenland (3), Nigeria (1), Poland (3), the Russian Federation (1), United States (12: Alabama, California, Maryland, Texas)

Total: 180 collections including 209 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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