Family Turdidae Rafinesque 1815 (thrush)

Aves - Passeriformes - Turdidae

Alternative spelling: Turdinae

Parent taxon: Passeriformes according to J. F. Clements et al. 2017

See also Chandler 1990, Lambrecht 1933, Olson and James 1982, Parmalee 1992, Wetmore 1962 and Zuccon et al. 2006

Sister taxa: Acanthisittidae, Acanthizidae, Acrocephalidae, Alaudidae, Artamidae, Atrichornithidae, Bernieridae, Bombycillidae, Calcariidae, Callaeidae, Calyptophilidae, Campephagidae, Cardinalidae, Certhiidae, Cinclidae, Cinclosomatidae, Climacteridae, Corvidae, Cracticidae, Dasyornithidae, Dicaeidae, Dulidae, Emberizidae, Estrildidae, Eurylaimidae, Fringillidae, Furnariidae, Hirundinidae, Icteridae, Laniidae, Locustellidae, Macrosphenidae, Maluridae, Meliphagidae, Menurae, Mimidae, Mohoidae, Mohouidae, Monarchidae, Motacillidae, Muscicapidae, Nectariniidae, Oriolidae, Orthonychidae, Oscines, Pachycephalidae, Paradisaeidae, Paridae, Parulidae, Passerellidae, Passeres, Passeridae, Petroicidae, Phaenicophilidae, Phylloscopidae, Pipridae, Ploceidae, Polioptilidae, Prunellidae, Psophodidae, Ptilonorhynchidae, Pycnonotidae, Rhinocryptidae, Rhipiduridae, Scotocercidae, Sittidae, Spindalidae, Sturnidae, Sylviidae, Thraupidae, Tichodromidae, Tityridae, Troglodytidae, Tyrannidae, Vangidae, Vireonidae, Wieslochia, Winnicavis, Zosteropidae

Subtaxa: Catharus Geokichla Hylocichla Meridiocichla Myadestes Phaeornis Sialia Turdus Zoothera

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Ecology: volant insectivore-frugivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of the Bahamas (3 collections), Croatia (1), the Dominican Republic (2), Falkland Islands (Malvinas) (1), France (4), Greece (17), Indonesia (3), Italy (11), Japan (4), Monaco (1), Montserrat (2), New Zealand (1), the Philippines (2), Portugal (1), Romania (3), the Russian Federation (3), Spain (12), Tonga (4), the United Kingdom (14), United States (11: Alabama, Arizona, Colorado, Florida, Hawaii, Kansas, Tennessee, Virginia, Wyoming)

• Blancan of United States (1: California)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of France (1)

Total: 102 collections including 171 occurrences

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