Family Fringillidae Vigors 1825 (finch)

Aves - Passeriformes - Fringillidae

Parent taxon: Passeriformes according to J. F. Clements et al. 2017

See also Carroll 1988, Lambrecht 1933 and Olson and James 1982

Sister taxa: Acanthisittidae, Acanthizidae, Acrocephalidae, Alaudidae, Artamidae, Atrichornithidae, Bernieridae, Bombycillidae, Calcariidae, Callaeidae, Calyptophilidae, Campephagidae, Cardinalidae, Certhiidae, Cinclidae, Cinclosomatidae, Climacteridae, Corvidae, Cracticidae, Dasyornithidae, Dicaeidae, Dulidae, Emberizidae, Estrildidae, Eurylaimidae, Furnariidae, Hirundinidae, Icteridae, Laniidae, Locustellidae, Macrosphenidae, Maluridae, Meliphagidae, Menurae, Mimidae, Mohoidae, Mohouidae, Monarchidae, Motacillidae, Muscicapidae, Nectariniidae, Oriolidae, Orthonychidae, Oscines, Pachycephalidae, Paradisaeidae, Paridae, Parulidae, Passerellidae, Passeres, Passeridae, Petroicidae, Phaenicophilidae, Phylloscopidae, Pipridae, Ploceidae, Polioptilidae, Prunellidae, Psophodidae, Ptilonorhynchidae, Pycnonotidae, Rhinocryptidae, Rhipiduridae, Scotocercidae, Sittidae, Spindalidae, Sturnidae, Sylviidae, Thraupidae, Tichodromidae, Tityridae, Troglodytidae, Turdidae, Tyrannidae, Vangidae, Vireonidae, Wieslochia, Winnicavis, Zosteropidae

Subtaxa: Acanthis Akialoa Carduelinae Carduelis Carpodacus Chloris Chlorodrepanis Coccothraustes Drepanidini Drepanis Fringilla Haemorhous Hemignathus Himatione Leucosticte Linaria Loxia Loxioides Magumma Oreomystis Palaeostruthus Pinicola Pseudonestor Psittirostra Rhodacanthis Serinus Spinus Telespiza

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Ecology: volant granivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (1 collection), Azerbaijan (1), Greece (5), Haiti (1), Italy (9), New Zealand (1), Norway (1), Portugal (1), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (2), Spain (12), the United Kingdom (2), United States (9: California, Colorado, Hawaii, New Mexico, Tennessee, Virginia, Wyoming)

• Pliocene of the Russian Federation (1)

• Miocene of United States (1: Florida)

Total: 48 collections including 80 occurrences

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