Myocastor Kerr 1782 (spiny rat)

Mammalia - Rodentia - Echimyidae

Synonyms: Mastonotus Wesmael 1841, Myopotamus Saint-Hilaire 1805, Tramyocastor Rusconi 1936

Parent taxon: Echimyidae according to N. S. Upham and B. D. Patterson 2015

See also Allen 1895, Ameghino 1885, Ameghino 1904, Arnal and Vucetich 2015, McKenna and Bell 1997, Patterson and Pascual 1968 and Woods et al. 1992

Sister taxa: Adelphomyinae, Carterodon, Chaetomyinae, Clyomys, Dactylomyinae, Echimyinae, Eumysops, Euryzygomatomys, Gaimanomys, Haplostropha, Heteropsomyinae, Maruchito, Quebradahondomys, Reigechimys, Thrichomys

Subtaxa: Myocastor coypus Myocastor perditus Myopotamus australis Myopotamus obesus Myopotamus paranensis

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Type: Mus coypus

Ecology: amphibious herbivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (6 collections), Bolivia (5), Brazil (2), Uruguay (2)

• Pliocene of Argentina (1)

• Miocene of Argentina (1)

Total: 17 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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