†family Pycnodontidae Agassiz 1835 (ray-finned fish)

Actinopteri - Pycnodontiformes - Pycnodontidae

Alternative spelling: Pycnodontes

Full reference: L. Agassiz. 1835. Recherches Sur Les Poissons Fossiles. Tome IV (livr. 4). Imprimerie de Petitpierre, Neuchatel 33-52

Parent taxon: Pycnodontoidei according to J. R. Nursall 1996

See also Applegate 1970, Arambourg and Bertin 1958, Bannikov 2014, Carnevale et al. 2014, Case and Schwimmer 1988, Casier 1966, Cope 1877, Cope 1878, Cope 1887, Forey et al. 2003, Gardiner 1960, Goodwin et al. 1999, Jordan 1963, Kumar and Loyal 1987, Poyato-Ariza 2010, Sahni and Mishra 1975, Shimada et al. 2006, Thurmond and Jones 1981, Weems 1999, Woodward 1895 and Woodward 1916

Sister taxa: Brembodontidae, Coccodontidae, Eomesodon

Subtaxa: Abdobalistum Acrotemnus Anomoeodus Athrodon Callodus Coccodus Coelodus Gyrodus Iemanja Macromesodon Microdus Micropycnodon Neoproscinetes Nonaphalagodus Omphalodus Paramicrodon Polypsephis Proscincetes Pycnodontinae Pycnodus Pycnomicrodon Sphaerodus Stemmatodus Tepexichthys Xenopholis

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Ecology: nektonic durophage-carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of United States (1: Texas collection)

• Eocene of France (1), India (6), Italy (1), Pakistan (1), Saudi Arabia (1), the United Kingdom (4), United States (2: Mississippi, Virginia)

• Paleocene to Eocene of India (1)

• Paleocene of Mexico (2), Saudi Arabia (5), Spain (1)

• Cretaceous to Paleogene of Mali (1)

• Cretaceous of Argentina (2), Belgium (1), Bolivia (1), Brazil (6), Canada (2: Saskatchewan), Chile (1), the Congo-Brazzaville (1), Denmark (1), Egypt (4), France (7), Germany (2), India (9), Israel (1), Italy (4), Jordan (1), Lebanon (1), Libya (1), Madagascar (1), Mexico (2), Morocco (3), Niger (5), Portugal (2), Romania (1), Spain (7), Switzerland (10), Syria (5), Tunisia (1), the United Kingdom (5), United States (53: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Wyoming), Uzbekistan (4), Venezuela (1)

• Jurassic to Cretaceous of France (3)

• Jurassic of Belgium (1), Chile (2), Ethiopia (1), France (9), Germany (5), Poland (1), Portugal (3), Spain (1), the United Kingdom (10)

• Triassic of France (2), Hungary (1), the United Kingdom (1)

• Permian of United States (1: Kansas)

Total: 213 collections including 278 occurrences

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