Family Scombridae Rafinesque 1815 (ray-finned fish)

Actinopteri - Scombriformes - Scombridae

Alternative spelling: Scomberoidei

Parent taxon: Scombriformes according to R. Betancur-R et al. 2013

See also Bannikov 2014, Carnevale and Godfrey 2118, Casier 1966, Danil'chenko 1960, Danil'chenko 1980, David 1943, Jordan 1963, Monsch and Bannikov 2011, Monsch et al. 2005, Přikryl et al. 2016, Purdy et al. 2001, Schwarzhans and Bratischko 2011, Weems 1999 and Weiler 1938

Sister taxa: Ariommatidae, Bramidae, Caristiidae, Centrolophidae, Chiasmodontidae, Gempylidae, Icosteidae, Nomeidae, Pomatomidae, Scombrolabracidae, Stromateidae, Thunnidae, Trichiuridae

Subtaxa: Acanthocybiinae Acanthocybium Ardiodus Cybium Eoscomber Eoscombrus Gasterochismatinae Gasteronemus Godsilia Ocystias Pseudauxides Sarda Sardinae Scombridarum Scombrinae Scombrosarda Thunnoscomberoides Thyrsocles Turio Wetherellus Xiphiinae Zeus

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Ecology: nektonic omnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Greece (1 collection), Italy (1), the Marshall Islands (1), the United Kingdom (2), United States (1: Georgia)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Italy (1)

• Pliocene of Angola (1), Cyprus (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (2: California, North Carolina)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Belgium (1), Chile (1)

• Miocene of Algeria (3), Austria (2), Azerbaijan (2), India (2), Indonesia (1), Italy (3), Japan (2), Madagascar (1), Mexico (1), Peru (2), Poland (1), Portugal (1), the Russian Federation (3), United States (17: California, North Carolina, Virginia), Venezuela (1)

• Oligocene of Azerbaijan (2), Belgium (1), the Czech Republic (2), France (1), Georgia (1), Germany (2), Hungary (1), Kazakhstan (1), Poland (1), Romania (4), the Russian Federation (1), Ukraine (1), United States (2: South Carolina)

• Eocene of Antarctica (1), Georgia (2), Italy (2), Kazakhstan (2), Senegal (1), Ukraine (1), the United Kingdom (11), United States (7: California, Louisiana, Maryland , Mississippi, North Carolina, Virginia), Western Sahara (2)

• Paleocene of Turkmenistan (1), Ukraine (1), United States (1: Maryland)

Total: 108 collections including 191 occurrences

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