Lingula BruguiƩre 1797 (lamp shell)

Lingulata - Lingulida - Lingulidae

Parent taxon: Lingulidae according to A. Williams et al. 2000

See also Kiessling 2003, Peng and Shi 2008, Raymond 1911 and Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Apsilingula, Barroisella, Credolingula, Dignomia, Glossina, Glottidiinae, Langella, Lingularia, Lingulinae, Lunoglossa, Semilingula, Sinolingularia

Subtaxa: Lingula acutangula Lingula adamsi Lingula allingi Lingula anatina Lingula aoraki Lingula arctica Lingula beani Lingula beanii Lingula borealica Lingula bravardi Lingula briseis Lingula carbonaria Lingula clintoni Lingula cobourgensis Lingula complanata Lingula craneae Lingula credneri Lingula cretacea Lingula cuneata Lingula curta Lingula deitersensis Lingula delia Lingula demissa Lingula densa Lingula desiderata Lingula dregeri Lingula elliptica Lingula elliptica Lingula elongata Lingula eva Lingula foliaceusa Lingula forbesi Lingula freboldi Lingula fuyuanensis Lingula gorbyi Lingula halli Lingula huronensis Lingula hyacinthensis Lingula hyperborea Lingula indianensis Lingula ingens Lingula jaspidea Lingula kedonensis Lingula kolymaensis Lingula lamellata Lingula ligea Lingula liurjakhensis Lingula longoviciensis Lingula louisianensis Lingula marginata Lingula marginia Lingula meeki Lingula membranacea Lingula metensis Lingula minima Lingula morsei Lingula nanimensis Lingula nikitini Lingula nitida Lingula nympha Lingula oblata Lingula obtusa Lingula olenekensis Lingula ovalis Lingula ovata Lingula parva Lingula percorrugata Lingula philomela Lingula progne Lingula reevei Lingula reevii Lingula riciniformis Lingula rostrum Lingula sacculus Lingula spatulata Lingula squamiformis Lingula sterlini Lingula sturti Lingula subcircularis Lingula subelliptica Lingula subovalis Lingula subspatulata Lingula subtenuissima Lingula sulcatiferea Lingula tenuis Lingula translucida Lingula truncata Lingula tumida Lingula tumidula Lingula varsoviensis Lingula whitfieldi Lingula xinlinensis Lingulipora zhexiensis

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Ecology: facultatively mobile infaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of India (1 collection)

• Miocene of Austria (2), Germany (3), Hungary (1), the Netherlands (1), Poland (3), Romania (1), Slovakia (1), Ukraine (1)

• Eocene of Antarctica (3), New Zealand (2), the United Kingdom (2)

• Cretaceous to Paleogene of New Zealand (1)

• Cretaceous of Canada (7: Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan), Germany (1), Greenland (2), Kazakhstan (1), Poland (8), the Russian Federation (2), USSR (2), the United Kingdom (11), United States (41: Arizona, Colorado, Delaware, Kansas, Minnesota, North Carolina, Texas, Wyoming)

• Jurassic of Canada (1: Yukon), Denmark (2), France (10), Greenland (24), India (1), Portugal (4), the Russian Federation (6), Spain (6), Ukraine (19), the United Kingdom (9), United States (1: California)

• Triassic of Australia (1), Austria (4), Canada (1: British Columbia), China (37), Germany (6), Hungary (4), Iraq (1), Israel (3), New Zealand (13), the Russian Federation (16), United States (4: Idaho, Montana)

• Leonard of United States (3: Montana, Utah, Wyoming)

• Permian of Australia (1), Canada (1: Nunavut), China (13), Lithuania (2), the Russian Federation (29), Svalbard and Jan Mayen (1), the United Kingdom (5), United States (27: Alaska, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming)

• Virgilian of United States (7: Illinois, Kansas, New Mexico, Ohio)

• Desmoinesian of United States (22: Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma)

• Westphalian of the United Kingdom (4)

• Namurian of Spain (1)

• Chesterian of United States (2: Arkansas, Wyoming)

• Osagean of United States (1: Utah)

• Carboniferous of Australia (1), Canada (1: Yukon), China (1), the Czech Republic (2), Germany (3), Ireland (2), the United Kingdom (89), United States (30: Arizona, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa/Illinois, Kansas, Maryland, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, New mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas)

• Mississippian of the United Kingdom (1)

• Devonian of Antarctica (3), Argentina (1), Australia (1), Belarus (1), Brazil (34), Canada (10: Alberta, Northwest Territories, Northwest Territories and Yukon, Nunavut, Ontario), China (7), the Czech Republic (4), France (1), Ghana (1), Mauritania (1), New Zealand (1), Norway (1), Poland (2), the Russian Federation (3), Saudi Arabia (1), South Africa (5), Ukraine (1), the United Kingdom (2), United States (136: Alaska, Indiana, Iowa, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin), Uruguay (1), Vietnam (2)

• Silurian to Devonian of the Russian Federation (1)

• Silurian of Australia (3), Brazil (1), Canada (40: Nova Scotia, Ontario), China (13), the Czech Republic (5), Greenland (1), Mongolia (1), Norway (1), Paraguay (2), Poland (2), Sweden (2), the United Kingdom (45), United States (47: Alaska, California, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Maryland, New York, Virginia, West Virginia)

• Ordovician of Argentina (1), Australia (6), Bolivia (6), Canada (27: Manitoba, Nunavut, Ontario, Quebec), China (11), the Czech Republic (2), France (1), Norway (3), Sweden (4), the United Kingdom (4), United States (55: Colorado, Georgia, Illinois, Iowa, Indiana, Iowa, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Utah, Virginia), Venezuela (1)

• Chazy of Canada (2: Ontario, Quebec)

• Llandeilo of China (1)

• Arenig of Argentina (1), China (8)

• Cambrian of China (1)

Total: 1036 collections including 1101 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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