Philhedra Koken 1889 (lamp shell)

Craniata - Craniida - Craniidae

Parent taxon: Craniidae according to A. Williams et al. 2000

See also Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Acanthocrania, Ancistrocrania, Celidocrania, Conocrania, Crania, Craniscus, Danocrania, Deliella, Isocrania, Lepidocrania, Mesocrania, Nematocrania, Neocrania, Orthisocrania, Petrocrania, Pseudocrania, Venetocrania, Westralicrania, Xenocrania

Subtaxa: Philhedra acutilirata Philhedra crenistriata Philhedra laelia Philhedra pauciradiata Philhedra playfairi Philhedra pulchelloides Philhedra rowleyi Philhedra stawyensis

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Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder


• Carboniferous of United States (5: Missouri, Montana, Texas collections)

• Devonian of Australia (4), Austria (1), Germany (3), United States (33: Indiana, Iowa, Missouri, Montana, New York, Ohio, Utah)

• Silurian of Sweden (1), the United Kingdom (10), United States (3: New York, Wisconsin)

• Ordovician of Argentina (1), China (4), the Czech Republic (3), Estonia (2), Ireland (1), Norway (3), Poland (1), Sweden (2), the United Kingdom (5), United States (11: Indiana, Iowa, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Tennessee)

Total: 93 collections including 95 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.

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