†family Craniidae Menke 1828 (lamp shell)

Craniata - Craniida - Craniidae

Alternative spelling: Craniadae

Parent taxon: Cranioidea according to M. A. Bitner and A. Müller 2017

See also Craig 2000, Emig et al. 2013, Hoare 1961, Huxley 1869, Kiessling 2003, Mitchell 1977, Pacaud and Le Renard 1995, Williams et al. 2000 and Wright 1963

Sister taxa: none

Subtaxa: Acanthocrania Ancistrocrania Celidocrania Conocrania Crania Craniscus Danocrania Deliella Isocrania Lepidocrania Mesocrania Nematocrania Orthisocrania Petrocrania Philhedra Pseudocrania Venetocrania Westralicrania

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Type: Crania

Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Greece (2 collections), Italy (4), United States (1: Florida), Vanuatu (3)

• Pliocene of Italy (1), Portugal (4), Spain (1)

• Miocene of Bulgaria (3), the Czech Republic (1), New Zealand (3), Poland (6), Romania (1), United States (1: Maryland)

• Oligocene of France (2)

• Eocene of Australia (3), Hungary (1), Italy (1), New Zealand (4), Ukraine (1), United States (6: North Carolina, South Carolina, Washington)

• Paleocene of Austria (1), Denmark (13)

• Cretaceous of Belgium (19), the Czech Republic (9), Denmark (5), France (7), Germany (2), the Netherlands (2), Poland (2), Ukraine (1), the United Kingdom (14), United States (2: Arizona, Tennessee)

• Jurassic of France (4), Germany (1), Portugal (1), Romania (1), Ukraine (1)

• Triassic of Austria (1), China (1), Italy (1)

• Permian of Greenland (2), the Russian Federation (3), Thailand (7), the United Kingdom (1), United States (96: Alaska, Kansas, New Mexico, Texas), Venezuela (2)

• Virgilian of United States (13: Kansas, New Mexico, Texas)

• Desmoinesian of United States (4: Missouri)

• Pennsylvanian of United States (1: Alaska)

• Chesterian of United States (1: Montana)

• Carboniferous of Australia (1), Belgium (1), China (1), Ireland (1), the United Kingdom (6), United States (53: Alabama, Alaska, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Missouri, Montana, New Mexico, New mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Utah)

• Mississippian of United States (2: Alaska)

• Devonian of Australia (4), Austria (1), Canada (5: Alberta, New Brunswick, Ontario, Yukon, Yukon Territory), China (1), the Czech Republic (1), Germany (8), South Africa (1), United States (65: Alaska, Colorado, Indiana, Iowa, Missouri, Montana, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania)

• Silurian of Canada (1: Quebec), China (2), Sweden (2), the United Kingdom (16), United States (8: Indiana, Iowa, New York, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Wisconsin)

• Ordovician of Argentina (1), Canada (8: Newfoundland, Ontario, Quebec), China (11), the Czech Republic (8), Estonia (17), Iran (1), Ireland (6), Kazakhstan (1), the Netherlands (1), Norway (5), Poland (1), Portugal (1), the Russian Federation (32), Sweden (10), the United Kingdom (21), United States (132: Illinois, Iowa, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, Wyoming)

• Chazy of United States (4: New York)

• Arenig of China (1), the United Kingdom (1)

Total: 709 collections including 876 occurrences

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