Cidaris Leske 1778 (pencil urchin)

Echinoidea - Cidaroida - Cidaridae

Synonyms: Calocidaris Clark 1907, Dorocidaris Agassiz 1869

Parent taxon: Cidaridae according to C. W. Cooke 1959

See also Fell 1966, Grant and Hertlein 1938 and Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Cidarinae, Cidarini, Prionocidaris, Rhabdocidarinae, Stereocidarinae, Triassicidaris

Subtaxa: Cidaris admeto Cidaris alata Cidaris baculifera Cidaris bowerbankii Cidaris californicus Cidaris catenifera Cidaris cojimarensis Cidaris cubensis Cidaris dilleri Cidaris fasciculata Cidaris flexuosa Cidaris guembeli Cidaris klipsteinii Cidaris liagora Cidaris parastadifera Cidaris perornata Cidaris plumasensis Cidaris schlonbachi Cidaris serrifera Cidaris shastensis Cidaris splendens Cidaris subnobilis Cidaris taylorensis Cidaris texanus Cidaris tribuloides Cidaris tubuloides Cidaris wahalakensis

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Ecology: slow-moving low-level epifaunal grazer-omnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Barbados (1 collection), France (1), Vanuatu (1)

• Pliocene of Ecuador (1), Haiti (1), United States (1: California)

• Miocene of Algeria (1), Austria (1), Belgium (1), Cuba (3), Cyprus (2), Indonesia (1), Spain (1), Vanuatu (1)

• Oligocene of India (1), New Zealand (1), Somalia (1), United States (1: Puerto Rico)

• Eocene of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1), Cuba (1), France (2), Libya (1), Poland (3), United States (28: Alabama, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina)

• Paleocene of Denmark (1), Egypt (1), France (1), the Netherlands (1), United States (14: Alabama, California, New Jersey)

• Cretaceous of Albania (3), Algeria (1), Brazil (1), the Czech Republic (1), Egypt (2), France (6), Germany (1), Hungary (4), Japan (1), Portugal (7), South Africa (1), Spain (2), Sweden (1), Switzerland (14), Tunisia (1), Ukraine (1), the United Kingdom (5), United States (20: Alabama, Mississippi, Texas), Venezuela (2)

• Jurassic of Egypt (1), Eritrea (1), France (20), Germany (2), Morocco (1), New Zealand (1), Saudi Arabia (1), Serbia and Montenegro (1), Spain (1), Tanzania (1), the United Kingdom (6), United States (2: California), Yemen (1)

• Triassic to Jurassic of the United Kingdom (1)

• Triassic of China (15), Germany (3), Hungary (5), Italy (19), Poland (1), Slovakia (1), Slovenia (1), Spain (1), United States (3: Alaska)

Total: 238 collections including 314 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


Click image to enlarge. Click to access iDigBio record.