Prionocidaris Agassiz 1863 (pencil urchin)

Echinoidea - Cidaroida - Cidaridae

Parent taxon: Cidaridae according to S. K. Donovan et al. 2005

See also Fell 1966, Ragaini 1994, Sepkoski 2002, Smith 1991 and Smith 1995

Sister taxa: Cidarinae, Cidarini, Cidaris, Rhabdocidarinae, Stereocidarinae, Triassicidaris

Subtaxa: Prionocidaris emiratus Prionocidaris morgani Prionocidaris pseudopistillum

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Type: Cidarites pistillaris

Ecology: slow-moving low-level epifaunal grazer-omnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (2 collections)

• Miocene of Brazil (3), Egypt (2), Italy (5), Jamaica (1), United States (2: Florida)

• Oligocene of India (1), Jamaica (1), United States (2: Georgia, Texas)

• Eocene of Cuba (2)

• Cretaceous of Brazil (1), France (3), Germany (1), Spain (1), the United Kingdom (1)

• Jurassic of Tunisia (1)

Total: 29 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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