Subfamily Callocardiinae Dall 1895 (venus clam)

Bivalvia - Cardiida - Veneridae

Alternative spellings: Callocardiidae, Callocardiina

Synonyms: Lioconchina Habe 1977, Lioconchinae Habe 1977, Pitarinae Stewart 1930

Parent taxon: Veneridae according to E. V. Coan and P. Valentich-Scott 2012

See also Abbott 1974, Adegoke 1977, Beu et al. 1990, Bieler and Mikkelsen 2006, Bouchet et al. 2010, Carter et al. 2011, da Silva Forti 1969, Erdmann and Morra 1985, Freneix et al. 1988, Gliozzi and Malatesta 1983, Hickman 2015, Matsubara et al. 2010, Moore 1976, Natori 1964, Pacaud and Le Renard 1995, Perrilliat 1992, Saul 1993, Squires 1984, Squires 1987, Stenzel et al. 1957, Stilwell et al. 2004, Tashiro 1988, Vokes 1980 and Ward 1992

Sister taxa: Anofia, Austrocardilanx, Callistinae, Calva, Chamelea, Chionidae, Clementina, Cockburnia, Cythereinae, Eurhomalea, Ezocallista, Fossacallista, Frigichione, Gemma, Gouldiinae, Macrocallista, Meretricinae, Oedalia, Paleomarcia, Paphiinae, Pitaria, Polititapes, Pullastra, Securella, Sinodia, Sunettinae, Transennella, Venerinae, Venerupis, Venidia, Xenoloupia, Cooperella

Subtaxa: Agriopoma Amiantis Aphrodina Austrocallista Callistalox Callistina Callocardia Callpita Chimela Costacallista Dollfusia Dosiniopsis Egrona Gilbertharrisella Goshoraia Hysteroconcha Katherinella Lamelliconcha Larma Lepidocardia Lioconcha Loxo Marwickia Mesocallista Naulia Nitidavenus Notocallista Nutricola Pelecyora Pitar Pseudamiantis Pseudaphrodina Rhabdopitaria Rhaiphiale Rohea Saxidomus Trigonocallista

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Ecology: facultatively mobile infaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (3 collections), Australia (1), Bermuda (3), Brazil (9), Canada (1: British Columbia), Cayman Islands (3), Costa Rica (2), Djibouti (5), Ecuador (3), Haiti (3), Iran (1), Italy (2), Jamaica (1), Japan (7), Kenya (7), the Marshall Islands (2), Mayotte (1), Mexico (12), Morocco (1), Nauru (1), Pakistan (2), Panama (2), Peru (2), the Seychelles (1), South Africa (1), Spain (2), Taiwan (6), Thailand (1), United States (152: California, Florida, Louisiana, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Virginia, Washington), Uruguay (2), Venezuela (2), Yemen (2)

• Blancan of United States (1: California)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Malaysia (1), United States (11: California, Oregon, Washington)

• Pliocene of Algeria (3), Antarctica (1), Australia (1), Belgium (5), Chile (1), Colombia (4), Costa Rica (18), the Dominican Republic (2), Ecuador (6), Haiti (1), India (1), Italy (5), Jamaica (6), Japan (8), New Zealand (1), Pakistan (3), Panama (4), Peru (6), the Philippines (1), the Russian Federation (2), South Africa (2), Spain (1), Trinidad and Tobago (10), the United Kingdom (6), United States (47: California, Florida, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Virginia), Vanuatu (1), Venezuela (6)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Chile (1), the Dominican Republic (5)

• Miocene of Algeria (3), Argentina (13), Australia (2), Austria (6), Belgium (2), Brazil (14), Bulgaria (5), Chile (6), Colombia (17), Costa Rica (1), Cyprus (1), the Dominican Republic (10), Ecuador (13), France (2), Germany (10), Grenada (1), Haiti (1), India (7), Indonesia (11), Iran (3), Italy (14), Japan (10), Malaysia (1), Mexico (6), Morocco (3), New Zealand (3), Pakistan (5), Panama (110), Peru (7), the Philippines (1), Poland (2), Portugal (1), the Russian Federation (13), Slovakia (1), South Africa (2), Sri Lanka (2), Trinidad and Tobago (12), United States (109: Alaska, California, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey, Oregon, Washington), Vanuatu (1), Venezuela (12)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Argentina (1), Japan (1), United States (3: Florida)

• Oligocene of Argentina (3), Austria (5), Belgium (4), Bulgaria (1), Canada (2: British Columbia), Colombia (1), Ecuador (2), France (36), Germany (1), Hungary (4), Japan (6), Mexico (6), New Zealand (3), Pakistan (2), Peru (7), Puerto Rico (1), Romania (7), the Russian Federation (1), Turkey (2), United States (111: Alabama, Alaska, California, Georgia, Mississippi, Oregon, Washington)

• Eocene to Oligocene of United States (1: Oregon)

• Eocene of Angola (4), Belgium (4), Bulgaria (11), Colombia (8), Egypt (3), France (9), Greenland (1), India (2), Italy (1), Jamaica (1), Japan (29), Libya (1), Mexico (7), New Zealand (4), Nigeria (7), Pakistan (3), Panama (9), Peru (15), Poland (1), Romania (5), the Russian Federation (4), Spain (10), the United Kingdom (34), United States (543: Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia, Washington), Venezuela (3)

• Paleocene to Eocene of Mali (1), Pakistan (1), United States (1: Maryland)

• Paleocene of Antarctica (18), Argentina (41), Austria (1), Belgium (3), Bulgaria (1), Denmark (4), France (1), New Zealand (11), Nigeria (1), Poland (2), the Russian Federation (4), United States (138: Alabama, California, Georgia, Illinois, Maryland, New Jersey, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia)

• Cretaceous of Afghanistan (2), Algeria (1), Argentina (56), Australia (2), Austria (2), Belgium (1), Bolivia (1), Bulgaria (1), Cameroon (8), Canada (5: Alberta), Chile (1), Colombia (1), the Congo-Brazzaville (1), the Congo-Kinshasa (1), Cuba (1), Egypt (1), Gabon (3), Germany (2), India (4), Iran (1), Israel (12), Japan (35), Jordan (2), Libya (2), Madagascar (2), Mexico (5), Morocco (1), Mozambique (8), the Netherlands (1), New Zealand (11), Niger (3), Nigeria (6), Oman (1), Peru (4), Poland (1), the Russian Federation (2), Senegal (1), Serbia and Montenegro (1), Spain (1), Tunisia (1), USSR (2), the United Kingdom (9), United States (185: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Wyoming), Venezuela (1)

• Jurassic of France (1)

Total: 2408 collections including 3137 occurrences

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