Pitar Römer 1857 (venus clam)

Bivalvia - Cardiida - Veneridae

Alternative spellings: Cytherea (Pitar), Meretrix (Pitar)

Synonyms: Caryatis Roemer 1862, Cytherea (Caryatis) Roemer 1862

Parent taxon: Pitarinae according to J.-M. Pacaud and J. Le Renard 1995

See also Bouchet et al. 2010, da Silva Forti 1969, Kiessling 2003, Lamprell and Whitehead 1992, Marasti 1973, Moore 1976, Mukerjee 1939, Perrilliat 1992, Rivera 1957, Rosenberg et al. 2006, Sepkoski 2002, Skwarko 1994, Squires 1984, Squires 1987, Squires 1988, Stenzel et al. 1957, Todd 2001, Vokes 1980, Vredenburg 1928, Ward and Blackwelder 1987, Woodring 1982, Wozny 1977 and Zinsmeister 1983

Sister taxa: Amiantis, Callocardia, Callpita, Hysteroconcha, Lioconcha, Chimela, Nitidavenus, Pseudaphrodina, Agriopoma, Goshoraia, Callista, Katherinella, Callistina, Larma, Notocallista, Austrocallista, Pseudamiantis, Saxidomus, Nutricola, Calva, Rhabdopitaria, Dosiniopsis, Pelecyora, Marwickia, Trigonocallista, Dollfusia, Costacallista, Aphrodina, Mesocallista, Lamelliconcha

Subtaxa: Cytherea (Caryatis) pratti Meretrix (Pitar) dalikiensis Pitar (Calpitaria) Pitar (Chionella) Pitar (Cordiopsis) Pitar (Costellipitar) Pitar (Hyphantosoma) Pitar (Lamelliconcha) Pitar (Nanopitar) Pitar (Paradione) Pitar (Pitar) Pitar (Pitar) nuttali Pitar (Pitarenus) Pitar (Pitarina) Pitar addicotti Pitar albidus Pitar baylii Pitar cedroensis Pitar colchaguana Pitar cordatus Pitar mancorensis Pitar morrhuanus Pitar murphyi Pitar palmeri Pitar parisiensis Pitar petropolitanus Pitar porrecta Pitar rostratus Pitar salanga Pitar sciaena Pitar securiformis Pitar simpsoni Pitar sorachiensis Pitar subarestus Pitar transversus

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Type: Cytherea tumens

Ecology: facultatively mobile infaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (3 collections), Australia (1), Bermuda (3), Brazil (7), Cayman Islands (3), Costa Rica (1), Ecuador (2), Haiti (3), Italy (2), Jamaica (1), Japan (4), Kenya (7), Mexico (5), Morocco (1), Pakistan (2), Panama (1), the Seychelles (1), South Africa (1), Spain (2), Taiwan (6), United States (46: California, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia), Uruguay (2), Yemen (1)

• Pliocene of Belgium (5), Colombia (1), Costa Rica (6), the Dominican Republic (2), Ecuador (7), Haiti (1), Italy (4), Jamaica (5), Japan (5), Pakistan (2), Panama (3), Peru (2), the Russian Federation (2), Trinidad and Tobago (10), the United Kingdom (6), United States (17: Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia), Venezuela (3)

• Miocene to Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (4)

• Miocene of Argentina (7), Australia (1), Austria (5), Brazil (13), Bulgaria (4), Colombia (6), the Dominican Republic (3), Ecuador (7), France (2), Grenada (1), Haiti (1), India (4), Indonesia (5), Iran (3), Italy (2), Japan (8), Malaysia (1), Mexico (2), Morocco (3), New Zealand (2), Pakistan (2), Panama (26), Peru (2), the Philippines (1), the Russian Federation (10), South Africa (1), Trinidad and Tobago (9), United States (35: Alaska, California, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey), Venezuela (4)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Argentina (1), United States (2: Florida)

• Oligocene of Argentina (2), Austria (5), Belgium (4), Bulgaria (1), Ecuador (1), France (36), Germany (1), Hungary (4), Japan (14), Mexico (5), Pakistan (2), Peru (4), Romania (7), Turkey (2), United States (64: Alaska, California, Georgia, Mississippi, Oregon)

• Eocene of Angola (4), Belgium (3), Bulgaria (11), Colombia (7), Egypt (3), France (5), India (2), Italy (1), Jamaica (1), Japan (29), Mexico (2), Nigeria (6), Pakistan (1), Panama (3), Peru (2), Poland (1), Romania (5), the Russian Federation (3), Spain (10), the United Kingdom (22), United States (316: Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia, Washington), Venezuela (2)

• Paleocene to Eocene of Pakistan (1)

• Paleocene of Austria (1), Belgium (3), Bulgaria (1), France (1), Nigeria (1), Poland (2), the Russian Federation (2), United States (112: Alabama, California, Illinois, Maryland, New Jersey, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia)

• Cretaceous to Paleogene of United States (1: Texas)

• Cretaceous of Austria (1), USSR (2), United States (1: Texas)

Total: 1083 collections including 1246 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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