†family Toxodontidae Ameghino 1889 (notoungulate)

Mammalia - Notoungulata - Toxodontidae

Full reference: F. Ameghino. 1889. Contribución al conocimiento de los mamíferos fósiles de la República Argentina [Contribution to the knowledge of the fossil mammals of the Argentine Republic]. Actas de la Academia Nacional de Ciencias de la República Argentina en Córdoba 6:xxxii-1027

Parent taxon: Toxodontia according to V. Deraco and D. A. GarcÍa-López 2016

See also Ameghino 1887, Ameghino 1889, Ameghino 1907, Billet 2011, Carroll 1988, Cope 1889, Flower and Lydekker 1891, Gregory 1910, Lydekker 1894, MacFadden et al. 1993 and Paula Couto 1956

Sister taxa: Atryptheridae, Haplodontheriidae, Homalodotheriidae, Isotemnidae, Leontiniidae, Noaditherium, Notohippidae, Pachyrucidae, Periphragnis, Protoxodontidae, Protypotheriidae, Tembotheridae, Typotheriidae, Xotodontidae

Subtaxa: Alitoxodon Dilobodon Dinotoxodontinae Hemixotodon Hyperoxotodon Mixotoxodon Morphippus corrugatus Nesodonopsis Nesodontinae Ocnerotherium Oriadubitherium Palaeotoxodon Palyeidodon Paratrigodon Pisanodon Posnanskytherium Proadinotherium Prototrigodon Stenotephanos Toxodon Toxodontinae Xotodon

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Type: Toxodontinae

Ecology: scansorial herbivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (20 collections), Bolivia (6), Brazil (19), Colombia (1), Costa Rica (1), El Salvador (3), Guatemala (2), Honduras (1), Mexico (1), Nicaragua (3), Panama (2), Paraguay (3), Peru (1), United States (1: Texas), Uruguay (3), Venezuela (5)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Venezuela (1)

• Pliocene of Argentina (4), Bolivia (4), Colombia (2), Venezuela (2)

• Montehermosan of Argentina (5), Bolivia (2)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Argentina (1)

• Miocene of Argentina (40), Bolivia (4), Brazil (2), Chile (5), Colombia (15), Peru (7), Venezuela (7)

• Deseadan of Argentina (5), Bolivia (2)

• Oligocene of Peru (1)

Total: 181 collections including 232 occurrences

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