Balaena Linnaeus 1758 (bowhead whale)

Mammalia - Mysticeti - Balaenidae

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824

Parent taxon: Balaenidae according to F. G. Marx et al. 2016

See also Abel 1919, Agnarsson and May-Collado 2008, Ameghino 1889, Ameghino 1894, Berta 2017, Bisconti 2003, Bisconti 2009, Bouetel and Muizon 2006, Brandt 1872, Brandt 1873, Brandt 1874, Brisson 1762, Carroll 1988, Case 1904, Churchill et al. 2012, Cioppi 2014, Cope 1867, Cope 1868, Cope 1890, Cope 1895, De Kay 1842, Ekdale et al. 2011, Ellerman and Morrisson-Scott 1951, Flower 1865, Flower 1867, Fraser and Purves 1960, Geisler and Sanders 2003, Gill 1871, Gol'din and Steeman 2015, Gray 1821, Gray 1825, Gray 1846, Gray 1846, Gray 1850, Gray 1863, Gray 1864, Gray 1866, Gray 1868, Hay 1902, Hay 1930, Illiger 1811, Kellogg 1928, Linnaeus 1758, Lydekker 1887, Marx and Fordyce 2015, Mead and Brownell 2005, Miller 1923, Newton 1891, Palmer 1904, Pictet 1853, Pilleri 1987, Rice 1998, Scammon and Cope 1869, Scheffer and Rice 1963, Sepkoski 2002, Simpson 1945, Steeman 2007, Trouessart 1898, Trouessart 1904, Turner 1912, Uhen et al. 2008, Weber 1928, Whitmore and Kaltenbach 2008 and Zittel 1925

Sister taxa: Balaena belgica, Balaena dubia, Balaena etrusca, Balaena paronai, Balaena primigenius, Balaenella, Balaenina, Balaeninae, Balaenotus, Balaenula, Eubalaena, Eucetites, Idiocetus, Morenocetus, Peripolocetus

Subtaxa: Balaena arcuata Balaena balsami Balaena dubusi Balaena larteti Balaena macrocephalus Balaena molassica Balaena montalionis Balaena mysticetus Balaena pampaea Balaena ricei Balaena simpsoni Balaena tannenbergii

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Type: Balaena mysticetus

Ecology: aquatic suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (1 collection), Canada (36: Newfoundland, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Yukon), Denmark (20), Germany (1), Greenland (15), the Netherlands (1), Norway (3), the Russian Federation (2), Svalbard and Jan Mayen (1), Sweden (7), United States (6: Alaska, Michigan, Oregon, South Carolina)

• Pliocene of Italy (7), Japan (2), United States (2: North Carolina, Virginia)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Belgium (1), Chile (1)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of the Netherlands (1)

• Neogene of France (1)

• Miocene of Australia (1), United States (1: Virginia)

Total: 110 collections including 115 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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