Family Proteidae Hogg 1838 (mudpuppy)

Osteichthyes - Caudata - Urodela

Parent taxon: Urodela according to K.-Q. Gao and N. H. Shubin 2001

See also Carroll 1988, Cope 1875, Frank and Ramus 1996, Kuhn 1946, Naylor 1978 and Skutschas and Gubin 2012

Sister taxa: Ambystomatoidea, Amphiumidae, Amphiumoidea, Cocytinidae, Cryptobranchoidea, Hemitrypus, Hynobiidae, Iridotriton, Kiyatriton, Laccotriton, Liaoxitriton, Meantes, Menopomidae, Neocaudata, Nesovtriton, Nezpercius, Plethodontidae, Plethodontoidea, Pleurodelidae, Rhyacotritonidae, Salamandra, Salamandridae, Salamandroidea, Seminobatrachus, Sinerpeton, Sirenidae, Thoriidae, Valdotriton

Subtaxa: Mioproteus Necturus Orthophyia Paranecturus Proteus

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Ecology: amphibious carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of United States (1: Florida collection)

• Miocene of Germany (6), Greece (1), Hungary (1), Kazakhstan (1)

• Oligocene of Kazakhstan (1)

• Paleocene of Canada (1: Saskatchewan)

• Cretaceous of United States (8: Montana)

Total: 20 collections each including a single occurrence

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