Family Salamandridae Gray 1825 (newt)

Osteichthyes - Caudata - Urodela

Parent taxon: Urodela according to K.-Q. Gao and N. H. Shubin 2001

See also Böhme 2008, Böhme 2010, Carroll 1988, Cope 1875, Frank and Ramus 1996, Holman 1977, Kuhn 1946, Venczel and Stiuca 2008, Vianey-Liaud et al. 2014 and Weems and George 2001

Sister taxa: Ambystomatoidea, Amphiumidae, Amphiumoidea, Cocytinidae, Cryptobranchoidea, Hemitrypus, Hynobiidae, Iridotriton, Kiyatriton, Laccotriton, Liaoxitriton, Meantes, Menopomidae, Neocaudata, Nesovtriton, Nezpercius, Plethodontidae, Plethodontoidea, Pleurodelidae, Proteidae, Rhyacotritonidae, Salamandra, Salamandroidea, Seminobatrachus, Sinerpeton, Sirenidae, Thoriidae, Valdotriton

Subtaxa: Archaeotriton Brachycormus Carpathotriton Chelotriton Chioglossa Euproctus Koaliella Koalliella Lissotriton Megalotriton Mertensiella Notophthalmus Oligosemia Palaeopleurodeles Phosphotriton Pleurodeles Procynops Salamandrina Taricha Triturus Tylototriton

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Ecology: amphibious carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Germany (6 collections), Greece (1), Hungary (1), Italy (3), the Netherlands (1), Spain (2), the United Kingdom (8), United States (9: California, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia)

• Pliocene of France (1), Hungary (1), Italy (1), Poland (1), Spain (2)

• Hemphillian of United States (2: Florida, Tennessee)

• Miocene of Austria (3), China (1), France (1), Germany (7), Hungary (8), Italy (1), Kazakhstan (1), Romania (1), Spain (5), United States (4: Delaware, South Dakota, Texas)

• Arikareean of United States (1: Montana)

• Oligocene of Belgium (2), France (3), Germany (2), United States (4: Oregon)

• Eocene to Miocene of France (1)

• Eocene of France (6), Germany (1), Portugal (1), the United Kingdom (1)

• Paleocene of France (1)

• Cretaceous of France (1), Spain (1), United States (1: Wyoming), Uzbekistan (1)

Total: 98 collections including 147 occurrences

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