Family Phasianidae Horsfield 1821 (pheasant)

Aves - Galliformes - Phasianidae

Parent taxon: Galliformes according to J. F. Clements et al. 2017

See also Baird 1992, Carroll 1988, Emslie 1992, Eo et al. 2009, Gohlich 2003, Lambrecht 1933, Livezey and Zusi 2007, Louchart et al. 2008, Mayr and Weidig 2004, Olson 1985, Olson and Rasmussen 2001, Parmalee 1992 and Wang et al. 2013

Sister taxa: Amitabha, Archaealectrornis, Craci, Cracidae, Galli, Gallinuloididae, Megapodiidae, Namaortyx, Numididae, Odontiphorinidae, Odontophoridae, Paraortygidae, Paraortyx, Phasanidae, Phasiani, Procrax, Quercymegapodiidae, Sobniogallus, Taoperdix, Tetraonidae

Subtaxa: Afropavo Agriocharis Alectoris Archaeophasianus Bonasa Centrocercus Coturnix Dendragapus Falcipennis Filholornis Francolinus Gallus Lagopus Litoripes Margaroperdix Meleagris Miogallus Miophasianus Palaeortyx Parapavo Pavo Peliperdix Perdicinae Perdix Phasianinae Phasianus Pliogallus Plioperdix Pternistis Schaubortyx Synoicus Tetraogallus Tetraoninae Tetrastes Tympanuchus

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Ecology: volant granivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of American Samoa (1 collection), Australia (7), Azerbaijan (1), the Bahamas (1), Canada (1: Nunavut), China (1), the Congo-Kinshasa (3), Cook Islands (11), Croatia (1), France (2), French Polynesia (5), Georgia (1), Greece (5), Greenland (1), Hungary (5), Indonesia (1), Italy (8), Japan (2), Madagascar (2), the Marshall Islands (2), Mexico (1), Micronesia (4), Monaco (1), the Netherlands (1), New Caledonia (2), New Zealand (6), Niue (6), Northern Mariana Islands (1), Papua New Guinea (2), the Russian Federation (6), South Africa (6), Spain (8), Sudan (1), Tanzania (2), Tonga (3), Turkmenistan (1), the United Kingdom (11), United States (74: Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Kansas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New Mexico, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Wyoming), Vanuatu (1), Wallis and Futuna (2)

• Blancan of United States (5: Arizona, Florida, Kansas, Texas)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of France (1), Hungary (1), South Africa (1)

• Pliocene of Hungary (4), Morocco (1), Romania (1), South Africa (3), Tanzania (14), Ukraine (1), United States (1: North Carolina)

• Miocene of China (1), Ethiopia (1), France (2), Germany (2), Greece (3), Hungary (1), Italy (4), Kenya (1), Moldova (1), Namibia (1), the Russian Federation (1), Slovakia (1), Spain (1), Ukraine (1), United States (5: North Carolina, South Dakota, Virginia)

• Arikareean of United States (1: Nebraska)

• Oligocene of Germany (1)

• Eocene of the United Kingdom (2)

Total: 263 collections including 362 occurrences

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