Family Gruidae Vigors 1825 (crane)

Aves - Gruiformes - Gruidae

Parent taxon: Gruiformes according to J. F. Clements et al. 2017

See also Bickart 1990, Carroll 1988, Emslie 1992, Lambrecht 1933, Livezey and Zusi 2007, Louchart et al. 2008, Mayr 2005, Olson and Rasmussen 2001, Parmalee 1992, Rasmussen et al. 1987, Wetmore 1933 and Zittel 1890

Sister taxa: Anisolornis, Aramidae, Asiavis, Eurypygae, Grues, Heliornithidae, Messelornithidae, Psophiidae, Rallidae

Subtaxa: Aletornis Antigone Balearica Balearicinae Bugeranus Geranopsis Gruinae Grus Leucogeranus Palaeogrus Paragrus Pliogrus Probalearica Protogrus Urmiornis

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Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Bermuda (1 collection), Egypt (2), Indonesia (1), Italy (5), Japan (1), the Russian Federation (1), South Africa (1), the United Kingdom (6), United States (32: Alabama, California, Florida, Illinois, Kansas, Michigan, New Mexico, Utah, Virginia, Wyoming)

• Blancan of United States (1: Florida)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of France (1)

• Pliocene of South Africa (1), United States (2: Idaho, North Carolina)

• Hemphillian of United States (1: Kansas)

• Miocene of Chad (1), Greece (1), Kenya (1), Moldova (1), Ukraine (1), United States (6: Florida, Nebraska, North Carolina)

• Oligocene of Egypt (1)

• Eocene of United States (2: Wyoming)

Total: 70 collections including 80 occurrences

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