Family Rallidae Vigors 1825 (rail)

Aves - Gruiformes - Rallidae

Parent taxon: Gruiformes according to J. F. Clements et al. 2017

See also Baird 1992, Brodkorb 1967, Brunet 1970, Carroll 1988, del Hoyo et al. 2014, Emslie 1992, Harrison and Walker 1976, Hay 1902, Hay 1930, Jaekel 1911, Lambrecht 1933, Livezey and Zusi 2007, Mayr 2005, Mourer-Chauviré et al. 2004, Olson 1975, Olson and James 1982, Olson and James 1991, Olson and Rasmussen 2001, Rasmussen et al. 1987, Wetmore 1933, Wetmore 1940, Wetmore 1956, Worthy and Nguyen 2020, Worthy et al. 2007 and Zittel 1890

Sister taxa: Anisolornis, Aramidae, Asiavis, Bumbanipes, Bumbaniralla, Cariamae, Eurypygae, Grues, Gruidae, Heliornithidae, Horezmavis, Messelornithidae, Psophiidae, Salmilidae

Subtaxa: Amaurornis Aphanocrex Aramides Atlantisia Australlus Capellirallus Coturnicops Crex Cyanolimnas Dryolimnas Eocrex Erythromachus Fulica Fulicaletornis Fulicinae Gallinula Gallinulinae Gallirallus Hapalocrex Himantornithinae Hovacrex Ibidopsis Laterallus Latipons Lewinia Ludiortyx Megagallinula Microtribonyx Miofulica Miorallus Montirallus Mundia Nesoclopeus Nesolimnas Nesotrochis Palaeoaramides Palaeorallus Paraortygometra Pardirallus Parvirallus Pediorallus Pleistorallus Porphyrio Porzana Quercyrallus Rallicrex Rallina Rallinae Rallus Sarothrurinae Tribonyx Vitirallus Wanshuina Youngornis Zapornia

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Type: Rallus

Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Antigua and Barbuda (3 collections), Argentina (2), Australia (9), the Bahamas (5), Barbados (1), Bermuda (3), Bolivia (1), Brazil (1), Cayman Islands (3), Chile (2), Cook Islands (13), the Dominican Republic (2), East Timor (1), Egypt (2), Fiji (5), France (2), French Polynesia (16), Greece (8), Guam (2), Hungary (1), Indonesia (3), Italy (11), Japan (6), Jordan (1), Madagascar (7), Martinique (1), Mauritius (7), Mexico (3), Micronesia (1), Montserrat (2), New Caledonia (10), New Zealand (53), Niue (16), Norfolk Island (4), Northern Mariana Islands (20), Papua New Guinea (4), Peru (1), Pitcairn (10), Puerto Rico (1), Reunion (4), Romania (1), Saint Helena (10), the Seychelles (2), Solomon Islands (11), Spain (8), Tonga (21), the United Kingdom (6), United States (56: California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, New Mexico, Oregon, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia, Wyoming), Vanuatu (1), Venezuela (1)

• Blancan of United States (3: Florida, Oregon)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Hungary (1), Italy (1), South Africa (1)

• Pliocene of Australia (1), South Africa (1), United States (2: Idaho)

• Huayquerian of Argentina (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Kenya (1)

• Miocene of Australia (4), Chad (1), China (1), Hungary (2), Kenya (1), New Zealand (2), the Russian Federation (1), Thailand (1), United States (6: Florida, Nebraska, North Carolina, Oregon)

• Neogene of United States (1: Arizona)

• Oligocene of Australia (2), Belgium (1), Egypt (1), France (1), Germany (1), Kazakhstan (1)

• Eocene of France (2), the United Kingdom (4), United States (4: Colorado, Wyoming)

• Paleocene of China (1)

Total: 414 collections including 683 occurrences

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