Family Phalacrocoracidae Reichenbach 1850 (cormorant)

Aves - Suliformes - Phalacrocoracidae

Parent taxon: Suliformes according to J. F. Clements et al. 2017

See also Alvarez 1977, Baird 1992, Bourdon et al. 2005, Brodkorb 1955, Carroll 1988, Chandler 1990, Cheneval 1993, Emslie 1992, Gohlich 2003, Guthrie 1992, Hope 2002, Howard 1972, Lambrecht 1933, Livezey and Zusi 2007, Louchart et al. 2008, Mayr 2005, Mayr 2011, Moreno and Mercerat 1891, Olson 1985, Olson 1985, Olson and Hasegawa 1996, Olson and Rasmussen 2001, Rasmussen et al. 1987, Wetmore 1933 and Zittel 1890

Sister taxa: Anhingidae, Fregatidae, Mangystania, Plotopteridae, Sulidae

Subtaxa: Borvocarbo Leucocarbo Leucocarboninae Limicorallus Microcarbo Oligocorax Paracorax Phalacrocoracinae Phalacrocorax Piscator Valenticarbo

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Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Afghanistan (1 collection), Argentina (2), Australia (3), the Congo-Kinshasa (1), Egypt (3), Estonia (1), Finland (1), Greece (2), Japan (5), Madagascar (2), Mauritius (1), Mexico (5), Monaco (1), New Zealand (8), Peru (1), the Russian Federation (1), South Africa (4), Spain (1), Tanzania (3), the United Kingdom (7), United States (51: Alaska, California, Florida, New Mexico, Oregon, Virginia)

• Blancan of United States (12: California, Florida)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Italy (1), United States (1: California)

• Pliocene of Chile (1), Mongolia (1), Peru (1), South Africa (2), Ukraine (2), United States (6: California, Florida, Idaho, North Carolina)

• Hemphillian of Mexico (1), United States (3: Florida)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Chad (1), United States (1: California)

• Miocene of Austria (1), Chile (1), the Czech Republic (1), Ethiopia (5), France (2), Germany (2), Peru (6), Slovakia (1), Tunisia (1), Turkey (1), Ukraine (1), United States (4: Florida, Oregon)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Australia (1)

• Oligocene of Egypt (1), Germany (2), United States (2: Colorado, Oregon)

• Cretaceous of United States (1: Wyoming)

Total: 170 collections including 262 occurrences

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