Hyaena Brisson 1762 (hyaena)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Hyaenidae

Synonym: Euhyaena Falconer 1868 [objective synonym]

Full reference: M. J. Brisson. 1762. Regnum Animale in classes IX distributum, sive synopsis methodica, Ed. 2

Parent taxon: Hyaenidae according to K.-P. Koepfli et al. 2006

See also Carroll 1988, International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature 1998, Kurten 1968, Mivart 1882, Rieger 1981 and Werdelin and Peigne 2010

Sister taxa: Allohyaena, Belbus, Chasmaporthetes, Crocuta, Euryboas, Hyaenictis, Hyaenictitherium, Hyaeninae, Hyaenotherium, Ictitheriinae, Ictitherium, Ikelohyaena, Leecyaena, Lycaena, Lycyaena, Lycyaenops, Pachycrocuta, Palinhyaena, Parahyaena, Pliocrocuta, Plioviverrops, Proteles, Thalassictis, Tungurictis

Subtaxa: Hyaena abronia Hyaena donnezani Hyaena gigantea Hyaena hipparionum Hyaena hyaena Hyaena makapani Hyaena perrieri Hyaena prisca

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Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Austria (1 collection), China (6), Egypt (5), Ethiopia (2), France (4), Germany (2), Greece (2), Israel (2), Italy (1), Kenya (4), Morocco (4), the Netherlands (1), Sudan (2), Tanzania (1), the United Kingdom (2)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Kenya (2), South Africa (2)

• Pliocene of Chad (1), Egypt (1), Ethiopia (2), Kenya (1), the Russian Federation (1), South Africa (5), Spain (3), Ukraine (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of South Africa (4)

• Miocene of Algeria (1), China (4), Egypt (2), France (1), Georgia (1), Greece (3), Moldova (5), Tajikistan (1), Ukraine (4)

Total: 84 collections including 90 occurrences

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