Crocuta Erxleben 1777 (spotted hyaena)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Hyaenidae

Alternative spellings: Crocotta, Hyaena (Crocotta)

Parent taxon: Hyaenidae according to K.-P. Koepfli et al. 2006

See also Capasso Barbato and Gliozzi 1995, Geraads 1997, Kurten 1968, Lönnberg 1912, Matthews 1939, Mivart 1882 and Werdelin and Peigne 2010

Sister taxa: Allohyaena, Belbus, Chasmaporthetes, Euryboas, Hyaena, Hyaenictis, Hyaenictitherium, Hyaeninae, Hyaenotherium, Ictitheriinae, Ictitherium, Ikelohyaena, Leecyaena, Lycaena, Lycyaena, Lycyaenops, Pachycrocuta, Palinhyaena, Parahyaena, Pliocrocuta, Plioviverrops, Proteles, Thalassictis, Tungurictis

Subtaxa: Crocuta crocuta Crocuta dbaa Crocuta macrodonta Crocuta sivalensis

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Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Algeria (1 collection), Austria (1), China (7), Croatia (1), Djibouti (1), Egypt (1), Ethiopia (2), France (7), Germany (5), Greece (1), Hungary (2), India (1), Israel (1), Italy (7), Kazakhstan (1), Kenya (14), Libya (1), Monaco (2), Morocco (5), the Netherlands (3), Pakistan (1), Romania (3), the Russian Federation (1), Saudi Arabia (1), South Africa (6), Spain (9), Syria (1), Taiwan (1), Tanzania (8), Turkey (1), the United Kingdom (9), United States (1: Pennsylvania), Zambia (2)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of the Congo-Kinshasa (1), Indonesia (1), Kenya (11), South Africa (3)

• Pliocene of Ethiopia (2), India (1), Morocco (2), the Russian Federation (1), South Africa (1), Tanzania (8)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of Kenya (1), the Netherlands (1)

• Miocene of Kenya (1), Pakistan (3)

Total: 145 collections including 154 occurrences

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