Family Hippopotamidae Gray 1821 (hippopotamus)

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Hippopotamidae

Full reference: J. E. Gray. 1821. On the natural arrangement of vertebrose animals. The London Medical Repository Monthly Journal and Review 15:296-310

Parent taxon: Hippopotamoidea according to J.-R. Boisserie et al. 2010

See also Agnarsson and May-Collado 2008, Arnason et al. 2004, Asher and Helgen 2010, Boisserie 2005, Boisserie et al. 2003, Boisserie et al. 2011, Boisserie et al. 2005, Boisserie et al. 2003, Bonaparte 1850, Carroll 1988, Cope 1889, Coryndon 1977, Flower 1883, Flower and Lydekker 1891, Gaziry 1987, Gray 1821, Gregory 1910, McKenna and Bell 1997, Montgelard et al. 1997, Nowak 1991, Spaulding et al. 2009, Stuenes 1989, Thewissen et al. 2001, Ursing et al. 2000, Waddell et al. 1999, Weston 2000 and Weston and Boisserie 2010

Sister taxa: Anthracokeryx, Anthracothema, Anthracotheriidae, Anthracotheriinae, Bothriodontinae, Epirigenys, Microbunodontinae, Myaingtherium, Siamotherium

Subtaxa: Hippopotamina Hippopotaminae Kenyapotaminae

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Ecology: amphibious grazer-browser

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Algeria (2 collections), the Congo-Kinshasa (8), Cote D'Ivoire (1), Croatia (2), Cyprus (1), Djibouti (5), Egypt (33), Eritrea (2), Ethiopia (53), France (8), Georgia (1), Germany (6), Greece (10), Hungary (2), India (2), Indonesia (4), Israel (7), Italy (13), Kenya (77), Madagascar (7), Malta (1), Morocco (4), Myanmar (3), Niger (3), Portugal (1), Rwanda (1), Saudi Arabia (1), Slovenia (1), South Africa (23), Spain (8), Sri Lanka (1), Sudan (5), Syria (1), Tanzania (24), Turkey (3), the United Kingdom (48), Zambia (1)

• Pliocene to Holocene of the Congo-Kinshasa (1), Malawi (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of the Congo-Kinshasa (15), Djibouti (1), Ethiopia (5), France (1), Greece (1), Kenya (29), Malawi (1), Nepal (1), Pakistan (1), South Africa (2), Uganda (2)

• Pliocene of Chad (4), Egypt (1), Ethiopia (19), India (3), Italy (1), Kenya (20), Libya (1), Malawi (1), Moldova (1), Romania (1), South Africa (3), Tanzania (9), Uganda (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Chad (1), Ethiopia (5), Kenya (7), South Africa (3), Tanzania (3), Uganda (2)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of Ethiopia (1), Kenya (1)

• Miocene of Chad (2), Egypt (1), Ethiopia (2), Kenya (14), Spain (1), Tanzania (1), Thailand (1), Tunisia (3), Uganda (2), the United Arab Emirates (1)

Total: 550 collections including 656 occurrences

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