Subfamily Hippopotaminae Gray 1821 (hippopotamus)

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Hippopotamidae

Parent taxon: Hippopotamidae according to J.-R. Boisserie et al. 2010

See also Boisserie et al. 2003, Boisserie et al. 2011, Boisserie et al. 2005, Boisserie et al. 2003, McKenna and Bell 1997, Weston 2000 and Weston and Boisserie 2010

Sister taxa: Hippopotamina, Kenyapotaminae

Subtaxa: Archaeopotamus Choeropsis Chororatherium Hexaprotodon Hippopotamus Phanourios Saotherium

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Ecology: amphibious grazer-browser

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Algeria (2 collections), the Congo-Kinshasa (8), Cote D'Ivoire (1), Croatia (2), Cyprus (1), Djibouti (5), Egypt (33), Eritrea (2), Ethiopia (49), France (8), Georgia (1), Germany (6), Greece (10), Hungary (2), India (2), Indonesia (4), Israel (7), Italy (13), Kenya (70), Madagascar (7), Malta (1), Morocco (4), Myanmar (3), Niger (3), Portugal (1), Rwanda (1), Saudi Arabia (1), Slovenia (1), South Africa (23), Spain (8), Sri Lanka (1), Sudan (5), Syria (1), Tanzania (22), Turkey (2), the United Kingdom (48), Zambia (1)

• Pliocene to Holocene of the Congo-Kinshasa (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of the Congo-Kinshasa (14), Djibouti (1), Ethiopia (4), France (1), Greece (1), Kenya (28), Malawi (1), Nepal (1), Pakistan (1), South Africa (1), Uganda (2)

• Pliocene of Chad (4), Egypt (1), Ethiopia (19), India (3), Italy (1), Kenya (15), Libya (1), Malawi (1), Moldova (1), Romania (1), South Africa (1), Tanzania (9), Uganda (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Chad (1), Ethiopia (5), Kenya (7), South Africa (3), Tanzania (3), Uganda (2)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of Ethiopia (1)

• Miocene of Chad (2), Egypt (1), Ethiopia (1), Kenya (4), Spain (1), Tanzania (1), Thailand (1), the United Arab Emirates (1)

Total: 507 collections including 599 occurrences

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