Family Giraffidae Gray 1821 (giraffe)

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Giraffidae

Full reference: J. E. Gray. 1821. On the natural arrangement of vertebrose animals. The London Medical Repository Monthly Journal and Review 15:296-310

Parent taxon: Pecora according to M. Spaulding et al. 2009

See also Agnarsson and May-Collado 2008, Carroll 1988, Cregut-Bonnoure and Tsoukala 2017, Flower 1883, Flower and Lydekker 1891, Gray 1821, Gregory 1910, Hamilton 1978, Harris et al. 2010, Hassanin and Douzery 2003, Khan and Sarwar 2002, Matthew 1908 and Nowak 1991

Sister taxa: Antilocapridae, Babameryx, Bovidae, Bugtimeryx, Camelopardalidae, Cervidae, Cervoidea, Dremotherium, Leptomerycidae, Moschidae, Namibiomeryx, Orangemeryx, Prodremotheridae, Propalaeoryx, Sperrgebietomeryx, Walangania

Subtaxa: Birgerbohlinia Bohlinia Bohlininae Canthumerycinae Decennatherium Giraffinae Giraffini Giraffokerycinae Honanotherium Libytherium Okapiinae Okapini Palaeogiraffa Palaeotragus Progiraffa Propalaeomeryx Sivatheriinae Umbrotherium Vishnutherium

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Ecology: ground dwelling browser

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Algeria (1 collection), the Congo-Kinshasa (1), Djibouti (2), Eritrea (1), Ethiopia (16), Greece (1), Japan (1), Kenya (48), Morocco (1), Pakistan (2), Romania (1), South Africa (9), Spain (1), Sudan (5), Syria (1), Tanzania (30), Turkey (1)

• Pliocene to Holocene of Malawi (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of the Congo-Kinshasa (2), Ethiopia (5), Greece (2), Kenya (23), Malawi (3), Spain (1), Tanzania (2), Uganda (1)

• Pliocene of Afghanistan (1), Chad (3), China (6), Egypt (1), Ethiopia (10), Georgia (1), Greece (3), India (3), Kazakhstan (2), Kenya (15), Malawi (2), Morocco (1), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (3), South Africa (4), Spain (1), Tajikistan (1), Tanzania (44), Turkey (1), Uganda (5)

• MN 13 of China (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Chad (1), Ethiopia (3), Greece (1), Kenya (5), Morocco (1), South Africa (6), Tanzania (1), Uganda (6), Ukraine (1)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of Ethiopia (1), South Africa (1), Thailand (1)

• Neogene of Ukraine (1)

• Miocene of Afghanistan (1), Algeria (3), Chad (2), China (24), Egypt (1), Ethiopia (2), Georgia (2), Greece (15), India (1), Iraq (1), Italy (3), Kazakhstan (2), Kenya (18), Kyrgyzstan (1), Libya (1), Moldova (5), Nepal (1), Pakistan (21), the Russian Federation (1), Saudi Arabia (3), Spain (7), Syria (1), Tajikistan (2), Tanzania (2), Thailand (2), Tunisia (5), Turkey (8), Ukraine (7)

Total: 442 collections including 683 occurrences

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