Merychippus californicus Merriam 1915 (horse)

Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Equidae

Alternative combinations: Merychippus (Merychippus) californicus, Stylonus californicus

Full reference: J. C. Merriam. 1915. Tertiary Vertebrate Faunas of the North Coalinga Region of California. A Contribution to the Study of Pal├Žontologic Correlation in the Great Basin and Pacific Coast Provinces. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 22(3):191-234

Belongs to Merychippus according to B. J. MacFadden 1998

See also Downs 1956, Kelly 1995, Kelly and Lander 1988, Macdonald 1992, Osborn 1918 and Stirton 1940

Sister taxa: Merychippus (Merychippus), Merychippus (Protohippus), Merychippus brevidontus, Merychippus calamarius, Merychippus coloradense, Merychippus eohipparion, Merychippus eoplacidus, Merychippus gunteri, Merychippus insignis, Merychippus labrosus, Merychippus missouriensis, Merychippus patruus, Merychippus primus, Merychippus proparvulus, Merychippus quintus, Merychippus relictus, Merychippus republicanus, Merychippus sejunctus, Merychippus seversus, Merychippus stevensi

Type specimen: UCMP 21247, a tooth (First superior molar of the left side, M1). Its type locality is North Coalinga, which is in a Barstovian terrestrial horizon in the Temblor Formation of California.

Ecology: ground dwelling grazer-browser

Distribution:

• Miocene of United States (6: California, Florida, Nevada collections)

Total: 6 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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