Nannippus peninsulatus Cope 1885 (hipparionine horse)

Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Equidae

Alternative combinations: Hipparion peninsulatum, Hippotherium peninsulatum, Neohipparion peninsulatum

Synonyms: Equus minutus Cope 1893, Equus montezuma Leidy 1882, Equus phlegon Hay 1899, Hipparion cragini Hay 1917, Hipparion montezuma Leidy 1882, Hipparion montezumae Leidy 1882, Hipparion phlegon Hay 1899, Hippotherium montezuma Leidy 1882, Hippotherium montezumae Leidy 1882, Merychippus phlegon Hay 1899, Nannippus cragini Hay 1917, Nannippus hesperides Mooser 1968, Nannippus montezumae Leidy 1882, Nannippus phlegon Hay 1899, Neohipparion montezuma Leidy 1882, Pliohippus minutus Cope 1893, Pliohippus phlegon Hay 1899, Protohippus phlegon Hay 1899

Belongs to Nannippus according to B. J. MacFadden 1998

See also Cope 1889, Cope 1893, Gidley 1901, Gidley 1903, Gidley 1907, Hay 1899, Hay 1902, Hibbard 1941, Hibbard 1956, Kelly 1998, Kurten and Anderson 1980, Macdonald 1992, MacFadden 1984, MacFadden and Waldrop 1980, Matthew 1909, Matthew and Stirton 1930, Merriam et al. 1925, Mooser 1968, Olson and McGrew 1941, Osborn 1904, Osborn 1918, Skinner and Hibbard 1972, Stirton 1940 and Strain 1966

Sister taxa: Nannippus aztecus, Nannippus beckensis, Nannippus lenticularis, Nannippus minor, Nannippus morgani, Nannippus westoni

Type specimens:

  • Nannippus peninsulatus: AMNH 8345, a tooth (a right superior molar, ?M2)
  • Equus minutus:
  • Equus phlegon:
  • Hipparion cragini: Its type locality is Cragin Quarry General (Cragin collection), which is in an Irvingtonian terrestrial gravel in the Meade Formation of Kansas.
  • Nannippus hesperides: FO 816, a tooth (an upper molar or premolar).
  • Nannippus montezumae: USNM 3304, a tooth (a superior premolar, p3 or p4 of the right side).

Ecology: ground dwelling grazer

Distribution:

• Blancan of Mexico (7 collections), United States (45: Arizona, Florida, Kansas, New Mexico, Texas)

• Hemphillian of Mexico (1)

Total: 53 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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