Mirounga Gray 1827 (elephant seal)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Phocidae

Alternative spelling: Morunga

Synonyms: Macrorhinus Cuvier 1824, Macrorhyna Gray 1827, Physorhinus Gloger 1841, Rhinophoca Wagler 1830

Parent taxon: Monachinae according to A. Berta 2018

See also Allen 1880, Amson and Muizon 2013, Berta 2002, Berta 2009, Berta et al. 2018, Davis et al. 2004, Deméré et al. 2003, Friant 1947, Fulton and Strobeck 2010, Gill 1866, Gray 1850, Gray 1866, Gray 1871, Koretsky 2001, Koretsky and Holec 2002, Koretsky and Rahmat 2013, Kurten and Anderson 1980, Ling and Bryden 1992, McKenna and Bell 1997, Muizon 1981, Muizon 1982, Palmer 1904, Rice 1998, Riedman 1990, Scheffer and Rice 1963, Trouessart 1898, Trouessart 1904, Turner 1912, Valenzuela-Toro et al. 2015 and Vidal 1991

Sister taxa: Acrophoca, Afrophoca, Auroraphoca, Australophoca, Callophoca, Hadrokirus, Homiphoca, Hydrurga, Leptonychotes, Lobodon, Lobodontini, Mesotaria, Miroungini, Monachini, Monachus, Monotherium wymani, Neomonachus, Noriphoca, Ommatophoca, Paleophoca nystii, Palmidophoca, Piscophoca, Pliophoca, Pontophoca, Pristiphoca, Pristiphoca occitana, Terranectes, Terranectes magnus, Terranectes parvus, Virginiaphoca

Subtaxa: Mirounga angustirostris Mirounga leonina Morunga elephantina

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Ecology: amphibious piscivore-carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Antarctica (2 collections), Argentina (1), Canada (3: British Columbia), Chile (2), Mexico (1), Namibia (1), New Zealand (1), South Africa (6), United States (28: Alaska, California, Oregon, Washington)

• Miocene of South Africa (1)

Total: 46 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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