Family Phocidae Gray 1821 (seal)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Phocidae

Full reference: J. E. Gray. 1821. On the natural arrangement of vertebrose animals. The London Medical Repository Monthly Journal and Review 15:296-310

Parent taxon: Pinnipedia according to A. Valenzuela-Toro et al. 2015

See also Adam 2004, Allen 1880, Ameghino 1889, Berta 1991, Berta 1994, Berta 1994, Berta 2002, Berta 2017, Berta 2018, Berta et al. 1989, Boessenecker and Churchill 2015, Boessenecker and Churchill 2016, Bonaparte 1849, Bonaparte 1850, Canto et al. 2010, Carroll 1988, Cope 1889, Cozzuol 2001, Dal Piaz 1929, Davis et al. 2004, Deméré et al. 2003, Dewaele and Lambert 2018, Diedrich 2011, Flower 1883, Flower and Lydekker 1891, Gill 1866, Ginsburg and Janvier 1971, Ginsburg and Janvier 1999, Gray 1821, Gray 1825, Gray 1871, Hay 1902, Hay 1930, Hendey 1974, Kellogg 1922, Koretsky 2001, Koretsky and Domning 2014, Koretsky and Grigorescu 2002, Koretsky et al. 2015, Koretsky and Rahmat 2013, Koretsky et al. 2014, Koretsky et al. 2012, Kovacs and Lavigne 1986, Kurten and Anderson 1980, Ling and Bryden 1992, McKenna and Bell 1997, Muizon 1982, Nowak 1991, Rahmat and Koretsky 2016, Rice 1998, Rice 2002, Rice 2009, Riedman 1990, Scheffer and Rice 1963, Sherman 1952, Stirling 1971, Tedford 1976, Thomas et al. 1982, Trouessart 1898, Trouessart 1904, Turner 1912, Valenzuela-Toro et al. 2015, Vidal 1991, Weber 1928 and Zittel 1925

Sister taxa: Desmatophocidae, Odobenidae, Otarioidea, Palaeotaria, Panotariidae, Phocoidea, Phocomorpha, Potamotherium, Squalodon modesta

Subtaxa: Cystophorinae Devinophocinae Halichoerina Manatus maeoticus Messiphoca Miophoca Miophoca vetusta Monachina Monachinae Monotherium Ogmorhininae Phoca ambigua Phoca bessarabica Phoca novorossica Phocinae Properiptychus Stenorhynchina

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Ecology: amphibious piscivore-carnivore

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