†family Rhamnaceae Jussieu 1789

Dicotyledonae - Rhamnales - Rosidae

Parent taxon: Rhamnales according to D.J. Mabberley 2000

See also MacGinitie 1941, McIver and Basinger 1993 and Taylor et al. 2008

Sister taxa: Leeaceae, Vitaceae

Subtaxa: Alphitonia Archaeopaliurus Berchemia Berhamniphyllum Ceanothus Colubrina Condalia Emmenosperma Karwinskia Lasiodiscus Paliurus Pomaderris Rhamnidium Rhamnites Rhamnus Ziziphus Zizyphus

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Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (36 collections), France (1), Japan (2), Kenya (3), Tanzania (2), United States (1: Florida)

• Pliocene of Italy (1), United States (2: Nevada)

• Hemphillian of United States (1: California)

• Miocene to Oligocene of United States (1: Montana)

• Miocene to Pliocene of France (1), Japan (3), Trinidad and Tobago (1)

• Miocene of Argentina (3), Cuba (1), Denmark (1), Ecuador (1), Germany (38), Japan (6), Kenya (6), Switzerland (3), United States (12: California, Montana, Nevada, Washington), Venezuela (1)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Australia (3), United States (2: Montana)

• Oligocene of Germany (3), the Russian Federation (4), United States (3: Idaho, Montana, Oregon)

• Eocene to Oligocene of Antarctica (1), United States (4: Colorado)

• Eocene of France (1), Germany (1), Japan (2), the United Kingdom (1), United States (20: California, Colorado, Idaho, Kentucky, Tennessee, Washington, Wyoming)

• Paleocene of Argentina (1), Canada (2: Saskatchewan), United States (22: Colorado, Montana, New Mexico, Wyoming)

• Tertiary of Japan (3)

• Cretaceous of Canada (19: Alberta, British Columbia), Colombia (1), Mexico (1), the Russian Federation (1), United States (40: Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming)

Total: 262 collections including 342 occurrences

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