Crocuta crocuta Erxleben 1777 (spotted hyaena)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Hyaenidae

Alternative combinations: Canis crocuta, Hyaena crocuta

Synonyms: Crocotta kibotonensis Lönnberg 1908, Crocotta panganensis Lönnberg 1908, Crocuta crocuta fisi Heller 1914, Crocuta crocuta fortis Allen 1924, Crocuta nyassae Cabrera 1911, Crocuta nzoyae Cabrera 1911, Crocuta rufopicta Cabrera 1911, Crocuta thomasi Cabrera 1911, Hyaena (Crocotta) gariepensis Matschie 1900, Hyaena (Crocotta) germinans Matschie 1900, Hyaena (Crocotta) leontiewi Satunin 1905, Hyaena (Crocotta) noltei Matschie 1900, Hyaena (Crocotta) thierryi Matschie 1900, Hyaena (Crocotta) togoensis Matschie 1900, Hyaena (Crocotta) wismanni Matschie 1900, Hyaena capensis Desmarest 1820, Hyaena cuvieri Boitard 1842, Hyaena maculata Odmann 1820, Hyaena rufa Desmarest 1820

Full reference: J. C. P. Erxleben. 1777. Systema regni animalis per classes, ordines, genera, species, varietates, cum synonymia et historia animalium. Classis 1: Mammalia. Weygandianis, Lipsiae 1-636

Belongs to Crocuta according to K.-P. Koepfli et al. 2006

See also Boule and De Villeneuve 1927, Capasso Barbato and Gliozzi 1995, Erxleben 1777, Kurten 1968, Lönnberg 1912, Matthews 1939 and Mivart 1882

Sister taxa: Crocuta dbaa, Crocuta macrodonta, Crocuta sivalensis

Subtaxa: Crocuta crocuta spelaea

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Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Algeria (1 collection), China (4), Djibouti (1), Egypt (1), Ethiopia (1), France (4), Germany (2), Israel (1), Italy (7), Kazakhstan (1), Kenya (11), Libya (1), Monaco (2), Morocco (4), the Netherlands (3), Pakistan (1), Saudi Arabia (1), South Africa (6), Spain (8), Syria (1), Tanzania (4), Turkey (1), the United Kingdom (9), Zambia (2)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of the Congo-Kinshasa (1), Indonesia (1), Kenya (11), South Africa (3)

• Pliocene of South Africa (1)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of the Netherlands (1)

Total: 95 collections including 96 occurrences

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