Family Goniasteridae Forbes 1841 (sea star)

Asteroidea - Valvatida - Goniasteridae

Full reference: E. Forbes. 1841. A history of British starfish and other animals of the class Echinodermata 1-267

Parent taxon: Valvatida according to G. Breton and D. Néraudeau 2008

See also Blake 2010, Blake and Jagt 2005, Donovan et al. 1993, Eagle 1999, Gale 1987, Gale 2011, Gale 2011, Hess 1972, Mah and Blake 2012, Perrier 1884, Spencer and Wright 1966, Villier 2008 and Villier 2010

Sister taxa: Acanthasteridae, Archasteridae, Arthraster, Asteriaceros, Asterinidae, Asterodiscididae, Asteropseidae, Chaetasteridae, Ganeriidae, Geinitzaster, Goniasteroidea, Granulosina, Leptaster, Mithrodiidae, Odontasteridae, Ophidiasteridae, Oreasteridae, Poraniidae, Pycinasteridae, Sphaerasteridae, Stauranderasteridae, Tumulosina

Subtaxa: Bugarachaster Buterminaster Caletaster Calliaster Calliderma Capellia Cenomanaster Ceramaster Chomataster Cladaster Codellaster Comptonia Comptoniaster Cottreauaster Crateraster Cymbaster Fayoumaster Fomalhautia Forbesiaster Fredaster Galbaster Goniasterinae Haccourtaster Hessaster Hippasteria Hippasteriinae Huroeaster Leptogonium Marocaster Mastaster Mediaster Metopaster Miopentagonaster Nehalemia Noviaster Nymphaster Ocalaster Ogmaster Ophryaster Oyenaster Pachyaster Paragonaster Parametopaster Peltaster Pentetagonaster Pseudarchasterinae Pulcinellaster Spenceraster Sucia Talecaster Teichaster Tesselaster Tomidaster Tosia Tylasteria

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Type: Goniaster

Ecology: epifaunal detritivore

Distribution:

• Miocene of Algeria (1 collection), Belgium (1), Cuba (1), New Zealand (1), Poland (1), Romania (1)

• Oligocene of Germany (2), United States (4: Alaska, Florida, Oregon)

• Eocene of Antarctica (1), Egypt (1), France (4), the United Kingdom (1), United States (13: Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina)

• Paleocene of Denmark (2), the Netherlands (1), United States (1: New Jersey)

• Cretaceous to Paleogene of the Netherlands (2), Poland (1)

• Cretaceous of Belgium (12), Brazil (1), Canada (1: Alberta), the Czech Republic (13), Egypt (1), France (54), Germany (2), Iran (1), Morocco (1), the Netherlands (7), New Zealand (1), Poland (1), Spain (3), the United Kingdom (11), United States (15: California, Colorado, Tennessee, Texas, Washington)

• Jurassic of France (12), Germany (1), Poland (1), Switzerland (4), Ukraine (1), the United Kingdom (1)

Total: 183 collections including 406 occurrences

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