†order Caryophyllales Jussieu 1820

Magnoliopsida - Caryophyllales

Parent taxon: Eudicot according to N. A. Jud 2011

See also Mabberley 2000 and Taylor et al. 2008

Sister taxa: Apiales, Aquifoliales, Asterales, Berberidopsidales, Brassicales, Bruniales, Buxales, Celastrales, Cornales, Crossosomatales, Cucurbitales, Dipsacales, Ericales, Ericales, Escalloniales, Fabales, Fagales, Garryales, Gentianales, Geraniales, Gunnerales, Huerteales, Javelinoxylon, Lamiales, Malpighiales, Malvales, Myrtales, Noferinia, Oxalidales, Paracryphiales, Picramniales, Proteales, Ranunculales, Rosales, Santalales, Sapindales, Saxifragales, Solanales, Sterculia, Trochodendrales, Violales, Vitales, Zygophyllales

Subtaxa: Achatocarpaceae Aizoaceae Amaranthaceae Basellaceae Cactaceae Caryophyllaceae Chenopodiaceae Didiereaceae Halophytaceae Hectorellaceae Lymingtonia Molluginaceae Nyctaginaceae Phytolaccaceae Portulacaceae Stegnospermataceae

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Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (1 collection), Australia (43), the Congo-Kinshasa (1), Iran (2), Italy (2), Portugal (1), Tanzania (2), the United Kingdom (2), United States (4: Kansas, Michigan, Virginia, Washington)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Italy (1), Tanzania (1)

• Hemphillian of United States (2: Indiana, Tennessee)

• Miocene to Pliocene of France (1), South Africa (1)

• Miocene of Argentina (1), Azerbaijan (7), New Zealand (1), Panama (1), Saudi Arabia (1), Turkey (1), United States (3: Virginia)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Australia (1)

• Oligocene of Azerbaijan (2)

• Eocene of Australia (1), Cuba (2), Mexico (1)

• Paleocene of Argentina (9), Colombia (1)

• Cretaceous of Mexico (1)

Total: 97 collections including 118 occurrences

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