Family Limidae Rafinesque 1815 (file clam)

Bivalvia - Pectinida - Limidae

Parent taxon: Limoidea according to J. G. Carter et al. 2011

See also Beu et al. 1990, Bieler and Mikkelsen 2006, Coan et al. 2000, Dockery 1982, El Qot 2006, Glenn 1904, Marquet 2002, Maxwell 1992, Nevesskaja 2009, Ronchetti 1970, Scholz et al. 2008, Spencer et al. 2004, Stilwell 1998, Stilwell et al. 2004, Todd 2001 and Vokes 1980

Sister taxa: Dianchoridae, Isolimeidae

Subtaxa: Acesta Anomolima Antarctolima Antiquilima Aviculolima Badiotella Calcicanicularia Callolima Costellacesta Ctenoides Ctenostreioninae Ctenostreon Dimorphoconcha Divarilima Echinorbis Elimata Eolimea Escalima Gemellima Gryphellina Latemaria Lima Limaria Limatula Limatuletta Limatulinae Limea Liminae Mantellina Meotolima Mysidioptera Notolimea Palaeolima Plagiostoma Plagiostominae Platilimaria Plicacesta Pseudacesta Pseudoctenostreon Pseudolimea Pseudolucina Roncania Serania Seymourtula Tirolidia

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Ecology: stationary low-level epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Antarctica (5 collections), Argentina (1), Australia (2), the Bahamas (3), Bermuda (3), Cuba (3), Djibouti (1), Ecuador (2), France (1), Greece (4), Haiti (1), Italy (3), Jamaica (1), Japan (5), Kenya (4), Mexico (2), Morocco (4), New Zealand (1), Panama (1), Portugal (1), South Africa (5), Spain (3), Sudan (1), Taiwan (1), Thailand (1), Tonga (3), United States (13: Alaska, California, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina), Uruguay (1), Yemen (4)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Malaysia (2)

• Pliocene of Australia (1), Belgium (5), Chile (4), Costa Rica (2), the Dominican Republic (6), Ecuador (2), Fiji (2), Greece (1), Indonesia (2), Italy (1), Jamaica (4), Japan (2), New Zealand (1), Panama (3), the United Kingdom (5), United States (6: Florida, South Carolina), Venezuela (4)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Australia (1)

• Miocene of Algeria (12), Argentina (2), Australia (4), Austria (4), Belgium (3), Brazil (3), Bulgaria (3), Cyprus (4), the Dominican Republic (2), France (3), Germany (12), Grenada (1), Hungary (1), India (1), Italy (3), Japan (6), Libya (1), Malta (1), Moldova (5), Morocco (3), the Netherlands (2), New Zealand (17), Panama (5), Poland (6), Portugal (2), the Russian Federation (5), Slovakia (3), South Africa (1), Spain (2), United States (15: California, Florida), Vanuatu (1)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Argentina (1), the Russian Federation (2)

• Oligocene of Australia (1), Bulgaria (1), Colombia (1), Denmark (2), France (5), New Zealand (9), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (3), United States (9: Florida, Georgia, Mississippi), Venezuela (1)

• Eocene of Antarctica (1), Argentina (2), Australia (3), Bulgaria (4), Croatia (1), Egypt (2), France (2), Italy (3), Japan (6), Mexico (2), New Zealand (16), Peru (1), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (3), the United Kingdom (2), United States (18: Alabama, California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, Texas)

• Paleocene of Antarctica (4), Argentina (9), Australia (3), Austria (1), Belgium (6), China (1), Denmark (6), France (1), Poland (1), the Russian Federation (1), United States (7: California)

• Cretaceous of Afghanistan (4), Antarctica (6), Argentina (59), Australia (1), Austria (2), Azerbaijan (1), Belgium (2), Brazil (20), Bulgaria (1), Cameroon (1), Chile (1), China (2), the Congo-Brazzaville (3), Cuba (1), the Czech Republic (2), Denmark (3), Ecuador (1), Egypt (20), France (26), Gabon (1), Germany (14), Greenland (3), Hungary (2), India (1), Italy (6), Jamaica (2), Japan (12), Kazakhstan (3), Libya (1), Madagascar (1), Mexico (10), Mozambique (2), the Netherlands (2), New Zealand (62), Nigeria (1), Oman (1), Peru (12), Poland (14), Portugal (4), the Russian Federation (22), Saudi Arabia (1), Serbia and Montenegro (1), Spain (2), Svalbard and Jan Mayen (1), Sweden (1), Switzerland (22), Tanzania (2), Trinidad and Tobago (1), Tunisia (1), USSR (18), Ukraine (2), the United Arab Emirates (2), the United Kingdom (23), United States (309: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah)

• Jurassic of Afghanistan (3), Argentina (4), Belgium (1), Canada (83: Alberta, British Columbia, Northwest Territories, Yukon), Chile (185), China (5), Egypt (3), Eritrea (2), Ethiopia (21), France (143), Georgia (1), Germany (49), Greenland (84), Hungary (7), India (107), Iran (11), Italy (4), Japan (13), Jordan (7), Kenya (21), Lebanon (1), Luxembourg (5), Madagascar (13), Mexico (5), Morocco (7), New Zealand (19), Poland (12), Portugal (19), Romania (8), the Russian Federation (10), Saudi Arabia (34), Serbia and Montenegro (5), Slovakia (2), Somalia (16), Spain (87), Switzerland (7), Tanzania (22), Thailand (2), Tunisia (18), USSR (2), the United Kingdom (106), United States (69: Alaska, California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Wyoming), Vietnam (1), Yemen (13)

• Triassic to Jurassic of the United Kingdom (1)

• Triassic of Argentina (6), Australia (1), Austria (56), Bulgaria (1), Canada (3: British Columbia), Chile (2), China (35), Colombia (1), France (1), Germany (11), Hungary (21), Iran (22), Italy (24), Japan (10), Mexico (2), New Caledonia (6), New Zealand (17), Pakistan (3), Papua New Guinea (1), Poland (6), the Russian Federation (24), Serbia and Montenegro (4), Slovakia (5), Spain (1), Switzerland (1), Ukraine (1), the United Arab Emirates (7), the United Kingdom (5), United States (15: Alaska, California, Nevada, Oregon), Vietnam (2)

• Permian to Triassic of India (2)

• Permian of Australia (36), China (56), Germany (1), Greece (1), Greenland (2), India (6), Italy (2), Lithuania (3), Madagascar (1), Malaysia (2), Mexico (1), New Zealand (2), Pakistan (4), the Russian Federation (8), Svalbard and Jan Mayen (2), the United Kingdom (8), United States (9: Alaska, Arizona, Oklahoma, Texas)

• Virgilian of United States (5: Illinois, New Mexico, Ohio)

• Desmoinesian of United States (4: Kansas, Missouri)

• Westphalian of Spain (1)

• Carboniferous of Argentina (5), China (2), the Russian Federation (1), the United Kingdom (8), United States (11: Arizona, Kentucky, New mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, Utah, West Virginia)

• Devonian of China (1), Germany (2)

Total: 2846 collections including 4263 occurrences

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