Family Xanthidae MacLeay 1838 (stone crab)

Malacostraca - Decapoda - Xanthidae

Full reference: W. S. MacLeay. 1838. On the Brachyurous Decapod Crustacea brought from the Cape by Dr. Smith. In Illustrations of the Annulosa of South Africa; being a portion of the objects of Natural History chiefly collected during an expedition into the interior of South Africa, under the direction of Dr. Andrew Smith, in the years 1834, 1835, and 1836; fitted out by "THe Cape of Good Hope Association for Exploring Central Africa". 53-71

Parent taxon: Xanthoidea according to R. M. Feldmann et al. 2003

See also Karasawa and Schweitzer 2006, MacLeay 1838, Squires 1980 and Tiwari et al. 1997

Sister taxa: Actaeites, Actaeopsis, Caprocancer, Colpocaris, Cretachlorodius, Domeciidae, Eoxanthias, Goneplacidae, Gwana, Megaxantho, Muelleroplax, Panopeidae, Paraxanthosia, Pilumnidae, Pilumnomimus, Pregeryona, Prochlorodius, Pseudorhombilidae, Syphaxiella, Tanaocheleidae, Tetraliidae, Thelecarcinus, Thelphusograpsus, Trapeziidae, Woodbinax, Xanthosioides

Subtaxa: Actaeinae Bernuffius Chlorodiella Chlorodiellinae Cyclocorystes Cymoinae Etisinae Euxanthinae Haydnella Kraussiinae Liomerinae Nogarolia Polydectinae Sculptoplax Speocarcininae Xandaros Xanthinae Xantho Zalasiinae Zosiminae

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Ecology: carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (1 collection), Barbados (2), Fiji (1), Jamaica (1), Malaysia (1), Mexico (4), Panama (1), United States (6: Califormia, California, Florida, Flrida, South Carolina, Washington)

• Pliocene of Costa Rica (1), Fiji (4), Italy (1)

• Neogene of Fiji (1), Mexico (1), Poland (2)

• Miocene of Algeria (3), Fiji (3), Hungary (1), India (2), Indonesia (1), Italy (1), Malaysia (13), Malta (2), Moldova (2), Poland (2), Ukraine (1)

• Oligocene of Canada (7: British Columbia), Italy (1), Oman (1), United States (37: Oregon, Washington)

• Eocene of Germany (1), Italy (2), Pakistan (1), the United Kingdom (6), United States (1: New Jersey)

• Paleocene of United States (5: Alabama, California)

• Paleogene of Hungary (1)

• Cretaceous of France (1), Mexico (2), United States (3: Alabama, New Jersey, Texas)

Total: 127 collections including 183 occurrences

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