Phoca vitulina Linnaeus 1758 (harbor seal)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Phocidae

Alternative combinations: Callocephalus vitulina, Callocephalus vitulinus, Phoca (Phoca) vitulina

Synonyms: Halichoerus antarcticus Peale 1848, Halicyon pealei Gray 1871

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824

Belongs to Phoca according to T. A. Deméré et al. 2003

See also Alekseev 1925, Allen 1880, Berta et al. 2018, Cullen et al. 2014, Davis et al. 2004, Friant 1947, Gbif 2016, Gill 1866, Gray 1850, Gray 1866, Gray 1871, Hay 1902, Hay 1930, Kienle and Berta 2019, Koretsky 2001, Koretsky and Barnes 2008, Kurten and Anderson 1980, Linnaeus 1758, Nilsson 1847, Riedman 1990, Scheffer and Rice 1963, Thomas 1911, Trouessart 1898, Trouessart 1904, Turner 1912 and Vidal 1991

Sister taxa: Phoca (Phoca), Phoca caspica, Phoca hispida, Phoca largha

Subtaxa: Phoca vitulina concolor Phoca vitulina richardii Phoca vitulina stejnegeri

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Ecology: amphibious piscivore-carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Canada (4: Newfoundland and Labrador collections), Greenland (1), Japan (1), the Netherlands (1), the Russian Federation (1), Svalbard and Jan Mayen (1), the United Kingdom (6), United States (21: Alaska, California, Maine, Massachusetts, New York, Oregon)

Total: 36 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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