Phoca Linnaeus 1758 (seal)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Phocidae

Synonyms: Arctias Rafinesque 1815, Callocephalus Cuvier 1827, Caspiopusa Dybowski 1929, Halicyon Gray 1864, Haliphilus Gray 1866, Pagomys Gray 1860, Pagophoca Trouessart 1904, Phoca (Pagophoca) Trouessart 1904

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824

Parent taxon: Phocinae according to A. Berta 2018

See also Alekseev 1924, Allen 1880, Allen 1902, Berta 2002, Berta 2009, Berta 2017, Berta et al. 2018, Carroll 1988, Davis et al. 2004, Deméré et al. 2003, Friant 1947, Fulton and Strobeck 2010, Gill 1866, Gray 1821, Gray 1825, Gray 1850, Gray 1866, Gray 1871, Hay 1902, Hay 1930, Illiger 1811, Kellogg 1922, Koretsky 1991, Koretsky 2001, Koretsky and Barnes 2006, Koretsky and Barnes 2008, Koretsky and Holec 2002, Kurten and Anderson 1980, Linnaeus 1758, McKenna and Bell 1997, McLaren 1960, Muizon 1981, Muizon 1982, Newton 1891, Nordmann 1860, Palmer 1904, Riedman 1990, Scheffer and Rice 1963, Sepkoski 2002, Thomas et al. 1982, Trouessart 1898, Trouessart 1904, Turner 1912, Vidal 1991 and Zittel 1925

Sister taxa: Batavipusa, Cryptophoca, Cystophora, Cystophorini, Erignathini, Erignathus, Frisiphoca, Gryphoca, Halichoerus, Histriophoca, Kawas, Leptophoca, Leptophoca amphiatlantica, Monachopsis, Nanophoca, Necromites, Pagophilus, Phocanella, Phocini, Platyphoca, Praepusa, Prophoca, Pusa, Sarmatonectes

Subtaxa: Callocephalus dimidiatus Phoca (Phoca) Phoca annellata Phoca caspica Phoca hispida Phoca largha Phoca nautica Phoca vitulina

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Type: Nanophoca vitulinoides

Ecology: amphibious piscivore-carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Canada (29: Newfoudland and Labrador, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Quebec, Yukon collections), Finland (1), Greenland (14), Japan (3), the Netherlands (1), Norway (1), the Russian Federation (4), Svalbard and Jan Mayen (1), Sweden (2), the United Kingdom (10), United States (29: Alaska, California, Maine, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Oregon)

• Pliocene of the United Kingdom (2), United States (1: California)

• Miocene of Austria (1), Ukraine (2)

Total: 101 collections including 108 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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