Hippopotamus amphibius Linnaeus 1758 (hippo)

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Hippopotamidae

Synonym: Hippopotamus incognitus Faure 1984

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824

Belongs to Hippopotamus according to O. Thomas 1911

See also Agnarsson and May-Collado 2008, Coryndon 1977, Geraads et al. 2004, Geze 1985, Linnaeus 1758, Petronio 1995 and Weston and Boisserie 2010

Sister taxa: Hippopotamus aethiopicus, Hippopotamus afarensis, Hippopotamus antiquus, Hippopotamus behemoth, Hippopotamus coryndonae, Hippopotamus creutzburgi, Hippopotamus gorgops, Hippopotamus kaisensis, Hippopotamus karumensis, Hippopotamus laloumena, Hippopotamus lemerlei, Hippopotamus madagascariensis, Hippopotamus major, Hippopotamus meltensis, Hippopotamus minor, Hippopotamus protamphibius, Hippopotamus sirensis

Ecology: amphibious grazer-browser

Average measurements (in mm): femur diameter 53.0, humerus diameter 50.1, radius diameter 38.8, tibia diameter 66.5

Estimated body mass: 685.4 kg based on femur diameter, humerus diameter, and tibia diameter

Distribution:

• Quaternary of the Congo-Kinshasa (8 collections), Cote D'Ivoire (1), Djibouti (3), Egypt (33), Ethiopia (5), France (2), Georgia (1), Germany (5), Greece (5), Israel (3), Italy (4), Kenya (8), Morocco (1), Niger (3), South Africa (21), Spain (2), Sudan (5), Tanzania (4), the United Kingdom (40), Zambia (1)

• Pliocene to Holocene of the Congo-Kinshasa (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of the Congo-Kinshasa (1), Ethiopia (1), France (1), Greece (1), Kenya (1)

• Pliocene of South Africa (1)

Total: 162 collections including 163 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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