Hexaprotodon Falconer and Cautley 1836 (pygmy hippo)

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Hippopotamidae

Alternative spelling: Hippopotamus (Hexaprotodon)

Full reference: H. Falconer and P. T. Cautley. 1836. Notes on the fossil hippopotamus of the sivalik hills. Asiatic Researches 19:39-53

Parent taxon: Hippopotaminae according to J.-R. Boisserie et al. 2010

See also Agnarsson and May-Collado 2008, Boisserie 2005, Boisserie et al. 2003, Boisserie et al. 2011, Boisserie et al. 2005, Carroll 1988, Coryndon 1977, Falconer and Cautley 1836, Gaziry 1987, McKenna and Bell 1997, Orliac et al. 2010, Siddiq et al. 2016, Thewissen et al. 2001, Weston 2000 and Weston and Boisserie 2010

Sister taxa: Archaeopotamus, Choeropsis, Chororatherium, Hippopotamus, Phanourios, Saotherium

Subtaxa: Hexaprotodon bruneti Hexaprotodon coryndoni Hexaprotodon crusafonti Hexaprotodon dissimilis Hexaprotodon dulu Hexaprotodon garyam Hexaprotodon hipponensis Hexaprotodon imaguncula Hexaprotodon iravticus Hexaprotodon mingoz Hexaprotodon namadicus Hexaprotodon palaeindicus Hexaprotodon pantanellii Hexaprotodon primaevus Hexaprotodon sahabiensis Hexaprotodon shungurensis Hexaprotodon siculus Hexaprotodon sivalensis

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Ecology: amphibious grazer-browser

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Ethiopia (6 collections), Indonesia (4), Kenya (14), Myanmar (3), Saudi Arabia (1), Sri Lanka (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of the Congo-Kinshasa (14), Ethiopia (3), Kenya (11), Nepal (1), Pakistan (1)

• Pliocene of Chad (3), Ethiopia (11), India (3), Italy (1), Kenya (10), Libya (1), Uganda (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Chad (1), Ethiopia (5), Kenya (5), Uganda (2)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of Ethiopia (1)

• Miocene of Chad (2), Kenya (1), Spain (1), Thailand (1)

Total: 108 collections including 111 occurrences

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